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Build a new Windows Home Server box, some hardware questions

Question: Build a new Windows Home Server box, some hardware questions

I'm building a new Windows Home Server box with a 2 year old Shuttle PC. The server will be used for a home network that has 5 computers. I don't think it will have too much traffic, as everyone has their own music library stored on their local computer, thus there shouldn;t be any streaming. It will mainly be used for back-ups and to store documents.

My questions are:
1. Currently have a Athlon 64 3500 (socket 939) running @ 2.2 ghz (not overclocked). The processor can be upgraded to a 939 dual core. Is the single core 3500 enough or would it be better to have a dual core processor.

2. The ethernet port on the PC is only 100mbps, should I upgrade to a gigabit? The router on the network is not a gigabit, but the 2 switches can run at gigabit speeds. All the PC's and this server are connected to switches, not to the router directly.


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Preferred Solution: Build a new Windows Home Server box, some hardware questions

I recommend downloading and running Reimage. It's a computer repair tool that has been proven to identify and fix many Windows problems with a high level of success.

I've used it in the past to identify and fix everything from blue screens (BSOD's), ActiveX errors, corrupt files and processes, dll/exe/sys errors, recover lost memory, Windows update problems, defragging, malware removal etc.

You can download it direct from this link (This link will automatically start a download of Reimage that you can save to your computer.)

Answer: Build a new Windows Home Server box, some hardware questions

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Hey everyone--going to say thanks for even reading this (let alone for any suggestions) before I start.

I work from home with a buddy. It's a two story building with a "warehouse" out in a secured garage outside. The computers look like this:

Two main computers that we use in the office
One computer in the garage (w/ a wireless card, as running wires would be a pain)
One computer in the basement (w/ a wireless card, as running wires would be a pain)
Two laptops (not necessary, but we use in the house)

I'd like for all of these computers to be on a network that saves everything on a server (the computer garage could be the server if needbe, or we can have the server somewhere in the house). I'm upgrading all computers in the next month, so they should all have the necessary software for us (one new laptop and two new PCs).

I want to be able to log into any of these computers in either my name or my coworkers name (and be able to change anything on one, then log into the other and access the know, like a network should be)

I'd also like the computer in the garage to be wireless (we can have a laptop out there, that would be fine).

My questions:

What's the best server to set up (HP, Dell...going to use a newer server that uses SAS 2.5" drives, and we don't need much storage (I think a couple 73gb drives would be more than fine for now)

What software should be used? I'm assuming win 7/8... Read more

Answer:Home Network Server Setup (please help--hardware/software questions!!)

Do you need email or anything like that or just file storage? It its just storage, I'd stick with a mid-grade Synology or QNAP NAS. Get a couple NSAS drives or enterprise SATA drives and call her good. I'd personally go Synology over QNAP. You can then backup to USB HDDs or an online service like Crashplan.

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1. Is it possible to implement the features of WHS using Vista/Win2008?

2. Is it possible to use a WHS PC like a regular PC?

thanks for the reply

Answer:2 questions on Windows Home Server (WHS)

1. No

2. Kinda...

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I was looking on wiki as to the capabilities of Home Server and noticed this:

A single folder namespace (no drive letters)

Is there any way to turn it off? I have a bunch of extra parts and I am thinking of making it into a NAS/Server. However I like separating the OS on a drive, downloads and other shares on another drive and my media like anime on a third drive. The media drive is in an external so that I can give to my friends or take it to some movie gathering etc. Is this doable still in Home Server? The wiki is making it sound like all the storage is seen as one big chunk. That has its advantages but for me it is a big problem.

Answer:Windows Home Server Questions

You don't have to add drives to the storage pool. It can be separate and will be displayed in the home server console as being outside the pool.

On your system disk, it sets up a 20 gig OS partition and uses the rest of that disk as part of the pool. it needs that space as a landing pad for data before it is moved out onto the rest of the pool.

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I'm thinking about picking up a copy of Windows Home Server. I was hoping it would show up on my TechNet subscription, but no such luck. I have a few questions though.

I'm still not sure about drive management, in terms of redundancy. I curretly have a RAID5 array in my server using a Promise Fastrak Controller and 3 250 GB WD drives. Would it be better to leave my array intact, or just allow WHS to use the drives in a data pool thing? Storage size is important, but I'd like to know I have some kind of redundancy, whether it be with some sort of software RAID done in WHS or with my controller.

I remember reading somewhere that WHS has some added features/benefits for those who are running Vista, and also those who are using Live OneCare as well. I believe OneCare's backup utility works in conjunction with WHS's utility very well. How about for the VIsta users?

Answer:Windows Home Server Questions

You won't see WHS on TechNet. TechNet is generally for business type products only. WHS is considered a consumer product. That's why you don't see Money, Games, etc... on TechNet.

WHS requires you to break your raid down to individual drives. At least that's the way Microsoft wants it. If you do otherwise, you are way off the radar scope as far as intended use. It may not even install/initialize properly. I'm not sure, I toe'd the line and broke my RAID-5 down to independent drives.

When WHS installs, it will scoop up all your drives and assemble one big JBOD under one accessible volume.

If you want redundancy, each individual share in WHS can be set for mirroring simply by right-clicking it and stating you want it so. WHS will then ensure that all data for that share is duplicated on two separate, independant drives in the JBOD. Think of it as selective mirroring. I actually like this idea. Uses excess drive storage space only where absolutely necessary.

The only thing you need to remember under WHS is if you need to replace a drive, make SURE you detach it from the JBOD in the storage manager pane. This allows WHS to make sure any data on that drive is re-located elsewhere in the JBOD. After the replacement is installed, simply add that drive to the JBOD. It really is quite painless. It can take some time, however, depending on how much data that drive had on it.

WHS also self-balances storage across the JBOD as needed. It does it in the b... Read more

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Hello all, long time lurker, first time poster.

So, this past weekend I decided to change my server at the house from Win Server 2K3 to WHS. Everything is setup on the server side, all my data is there and I seem to have the server setup just how I want.
I've installed the connector software on my other machine and can connect everthing seems fine there.
Here's my question/s. Now what? Unless I am missing something, it's seems like WHS is doing the same thing that my Server 2K3 box was. From my client machines all I have done is mapped a network drive over to my home server, which is what I did before.

Basically, what I want to know is there more that I can do to get the most out of this? Let me give you a rundown of my network.

Machine 1. WHS running headless in a closet.
Machine 2. My main rig, running Vista Ultimate.
Machine 3. Windows MCE edition 2005 connected to crappy TV in living room.
Machine 4. Vista home premium laptop.

So, on my main rig all I do is game and work. No video or anything, listen to some music and so forth. On my MCE box, I use it for movies, no TV tuner card. So, I've got a folder on my WHS with videos, a mix of DVIX and DVD ISO files. On the MCE box, I just pointed to the shared Video folder on WHS and play whatever I want either using VLC or WinDVD or DVIX player. On the laptop I just use shares for music and misc data, again no video or anything.

So, am I doing this all wrong? Are there add-ins that would make this easi... Read more

Answer:Windows home server questions.

Install the connector software on each computer on your LAN (not the WHS machine). After that, each computer will automatically be backed up every night.

Once you have a backup sequence stored, you can restore any machine on the network to it's last (and I believe any previous) backup simply by booting that machine from the provided restore CD.

Any critical shares on the WHS server you can set to individually mirror, providing security of your data.

You can use it for remote access into your home network from anywhere in the world, if you turn on this feature. You can access not only shares, but the actual computers on your network as long as RDC is turned on for those computers and the necessary rights are assigned to the account attempting access.

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Hi all,

I've been seeing around at book stores books about Windows Home Server, and I have a couple of questions I'd like like to know about.

Firstly, what similarities are there between Home and Business Server editions? Does it still utilise Group Policy and the Active Directory structure for creating users, groups and restrictions?

And secondly, what differences are there (besides obviously creating and joining a domain)?

Answer:Questions about Windows Home Server 2003


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When I want to install another hard drive, will it show it has one large amount or two seperate drives?

There is a media share feature, how do I actually put media in these folders?

Answer:I setup Windows Home Server but have a few questions

I haven't installed my copy yet, but I was under the impression you'd see the unformatted disk appear in the drive list, and then you could add it to the pool of total storage. As for the media share, I would assume there are specific folders to put music, pictures, etc in.

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So, I'm doing the preliminary work to potentially replace an aging file server that I currently have in my house. A few days ago, I did the research on simply doing a NAS device (like the NetGear Ready NAS Ultra 2 Plus) and am generally pretty happy with what I have found. Now, I am considering the alternative of using something else like Windows Home Server 2011 and giving it a fair shake.

My original goal was to have something
1). Simple...didn't really want to have another system to maintain
2). Inexpensive....I don't need astounding performance
3). Quiet and Low Power Consumption
4). Data Protection is important, although I will back up regularly and keep offsite.
5). Offer DNLA support for streaming to devices like my PS3 and Xbox 360.

I'm starting to reconsider the use of the NAS device, as the RAID 1 will cost me 50% of my usable space. With something like Windows Home Server, I can choose to NOT duplicate some of the non important stuff (Internet downloads, ISO's...all that stuff that I can simply re-download in the event of a catastrophe)...and this means that I will have more disk space usable within my server.

Originally, when Windows Home Server came out, I was very excited about the Drive Extender technology that allowed for easy drive pooling..but then Microsoft decided to discontinue DE for Windows Home Server 2011. From what I have found, there are 3rd party vendors out there, making Add-In support that seems good (StableBit...I te... Read more

Answer:Considering a Windows Home Server 2011 Build

Y'know - I went down this path 6 months ago. Eventually I ended up on Windows 2008 R2. The main reason instead of WHS 2011 was that I also run WSUS, Coldfusion, Firebird DB Server, and IIS. WHS was not the right choice.

But, I was previously running on Windows XP, and it did everything I needed. The only reason I upgraded to Win 2008 R2 standard was so I could take advantage of more memory.

I have a Technet subscription so cost of the OS was largely moot.

My system has 7 x 2TB WD EARX SATA 3 drives ($400~), though I don't have 7 SATA3 ports, so some of the drives are running at SATA 2.

I settled on an Intel I5-2400 CPU ($177), which is only marginally overclocked, 8 GB Corsair CL7 1600 MHZ memory ($69), on a Gigabyte Z68X-UD3R-B3 mobo. I put in a GTX 450 1GB Video card ($80), because I had it lying around, and there is no Video on the Z68X mobo ($149). The case is an Antec 900 - 2; Only because I like that case, it costs $90 and its easy to keep cabling tidy and with 7 drives I was worried heat would be a problem. As it is, temps are running at 27C most of the time. All fans are set on low speed, and I'm running a stock cooler.

The PSU is an ANTEC Truepower 750W ($132).

The system costs approximately 8 cents per hour to run. (Given that we pay 26.5c per Kilowatt)

The Z68X only has a single Gigabit NIC. On reflection, the only thing I would change is running two NICs. I have gigabit cabling and switches throughout the house, so I could have improved overall per... Read more

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The current setup I have is as follows:

* CoolerMaster Elite 330 Case
* Gigabyte GA-MA78GM-S2H 780G motherboard
* AMD X2 AM2 BE 2400 2.3GHZ
* 4GB Crucial pc2-6400 (2x 2gb)
* 1 Samsung 80gb SATA (Operating System)
* 1x 1TB Seagate SATA 3.0GB/s

I received my 120 day trial of WHS yesterday and plan to install it on this setup. Will I be able to find all the correct drivers needed to run it on this system? Any suggestions during install/setup of the OS? I have another Samsung 80gb to match the one I currently have. Would it be effective to run the OS on a RAID setup, while all my media is on the 1TB drive alone, not on a RAID setup?

I was also wondering if it is possible to run this Windows Server Connector on machines "outside" my own network and run weekly backups (like my mother and fathers computer's 300 miles away). If so, how do I go about doing so?

Answer:Windows Home Server: My Hardware Setup

You might find this info useful. WHS does not use raid it uses "Drive Extender"

And under normal raid setups the data drive is the one being raided not the os drive. The os can be reloaded but if the data drive dies it's lost. This however doesn't pertain to WHS - the more disks the merrier with WHS because it copies data from one drive to another for backups.

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I'm building a server that I intend to use for hosting dedicated game servers and for storage. I've settled on AMD for the processor mainly because it's the general cheaper way to go (open to suggestions though if you can provide a good argument to back up your suggestion). Naturally since it's not going to be actually running the graphics of whatever game I play I'm sticking with on-board graphics.
Where I come to an issue is picking out the power supply. I remember a while back there used to be a recommended list of power supplies on this forum, but they were more towards a computer with 1 or 2 gaming graphics cards in them. Seeing as I'm sticking with on-board graphics I don't think that I should need a super duper power supply that can support all that.
Also, I'm debating quad-core or dual-core for whatever processor I end up getting. I'm not thinking I'll need the quad core, but wanted a little bit of input on this.
As far as ram goes I'll just match it to whatever motherboard I end up getting.
Any help, tips, comments, ect that anyone can offer on this matter would be much appreciated. Thanks

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This is more of a hardware / networking question. Here is what's going on.

Currently we have a Whatsup Gold Dell T400 server that just can't handle both WhatsUp and MSSQL. We are deciding to split the boxes up and get a R510 (Or T610, depends on the price our rep can get for us) for the SQL server and keep WhatsUp on the T400. The hardware requirements will be very much satisfied (1xQuad core, 8 gig ram, 300 gig 15k SAS drives, 64 bit Win2k8, dual GigE NICs) with the new server but I've never worked with SQL server that was as utilized as this one so here is my question:

What type of network congestion will this create being there will be a lot of traffic going between these two boxes? Since both boxes have GigE NICs, I'll probably be putting them on their own GigE switch since the rest of the network is 10/100 so I'm hoping that if there are any network problems they would be resolved.

I've heard of fiber channel but don't know what it is or if it would be worth the cost in this (as I would need fiber channel cards in both servers).

What is the best way to set this up? I guess I'm just looking for some insight from some SQL gurus.


Answer:MS SQL Hardware server setup questions

1 GB should be fine, i would break them off into their own VLAN if there is going to be a lot of broadcast traffic to cut down on congestion

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Hi everyone,

I was hoping for some hardware advice/recommendations for a SMB server build.

We currently have a server that's built on consumer hardware (Phenom II X6, 16 GB RAM, and a gaming mother board) but we've grown frustrated with frequent stability issues.

Our server is a virtual machine host running Centos 6.2 minimal, with about 8 VMs on top of it. It has 4 Hard drives in a RAID 10 configuration, and each VM uses a logical volume instead of file based images.

The guest VMs are:
Ubuntu Server with OpenLDAP
Ubuntu Server running NFS (including NFS home folders for all our users)
Windows XP (1)
Windows XP (2)
Ubuntu Server with MediaWiki
Ubuntu Server with Bind 9 name server
Ubuntu Server with Cyrus IMAP server
Ubuntu server with DaviCal calendar server
... room for growth ...

Right now, the host machine kernel panics on a regular basis and the log seems to indicate an I/O related issue.

We're ready to spring for some solid, server grade hardware, but I'm not sure what to buy. I've built tons of desktops so I'm familiar with the components and how to do the building, but I do have some questions about performance and stability since both are paramount. I hoping to get about 5 years of uptime!

I found this bare-bones system and it has the features we're looking for like rack mount-ability, 8 hot-swap drive bays, plenty of room to add more RAM or a second processor, etc. But I've never heard of TYAN and I don't know if... Read more

Answer:Advice for a Server Grade Hardware Build?

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So, I've been running the WHS trial version ever since my beta version expired, I keep thinking about buying an OEM copy of WHS but instead end up just re installing a trial version every 3 months. I LOVE the simplicity of WHS, the automated backups, the sharing, the remote access etc. It all JUST WORKS with no tweaking, no troubleshooting etc.

Its comming up on time to make a choice, either re install WHS trial, purchase an OEM copy or switch to Server 2008 (using the copy I got from the heroes happen here event)

I haven't messed with any of Windows server OS's since NT 4 so my server experience is pretty outdated.

what I'm looking for is ease of set up/install/use, automated backups (I know this would require 3rd party software if i go with Server 2K8) ease of sharing files between multiple PC's, remote access is a bonus and not required

WHS does exactly what I want, the only reason I'm considering Server 2K8 is because I already have it and it is just collecting dust ATM. I wish it was a retail version instead of NFR and I'd just trade it off/sell it and buy WHS

Anyway, my current server set up is
Abit IC-7 mobo
P4 2,4C proc
1.5TB storage made up of assorted HDD's from 250gb to 320GB
500Gb external drive that additional back ups of music/photo/video are written to nightly

Answer:home server questions

Finding a backup solution nearly as good as the one included with WHS would probably cost more then the OEM copy of WHS. Unless there is a really good free/OS backup solution out there I don't know about, it sounds like WHS would serve you best.

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I know the parts are overkill for what I will be using it for, to serve media to TV, phones, and pc's. it will also back up my pc's weekly, file server, and ftp sync to an offsite location. I will be testing things like active directory and VMware because I use these are work but I cant really mess around with them to much there. The server is will be running Windows Server 2008 R2 or 2012 R2, I haven't made up my mind yet. I want to be able to leave the server on 24/7 but have it go into a sleep mode until something is requesting data from the server over my lan or internet, I know how to do this but I don't know if its good to do with RAID 6. these are the parts I'm using. If you have any questions please ask me anything

Fractal Design Define Mini

Western Digital Red NAS Hard Drive WD30EFRX 3TB x4 in RAID 6

Rosewill TACHYON-550 550W

Mushkin Enhanced Blackline 8GB (2 x 4GB)


Intel Core i5-4430 Haswell 3.0GHz

Adaptec RAID 6405T

SAMSUNG 840 EVO 120GB Read more

Answer:Home server questions

Have you got a UPS? What's your question.

Also can you please tell me how you do the sleep mode? WOL when something requests access?

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I am in the market to rebuild my home server. It is used for media streaming (transcoding on the fly) and hosting a few gaming servers on the odd occasion. Mostly old games like Call of Duty 1 and Unreal Tournament and from time to time, Minecraft. Just seeing what kind of hardware you lot would recommend!

It will be on 24/7 so needs to be power efficient and the quieter the better. So far I have:

400W seasonic fanless PSU platinum
Corsair carbide 330r quiet mid tower case.

All suggestions welcome!

Answer:A new home server build


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I deal with business servers at work, but I want to build myself a home server.

I know the main components I need to built the computer, however do you guys recommend certain parts and NOS?

Answer:Build a home server

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hi all,

i'm in need of some help re: choosing parts to build my first home server. my goals for this machine are:

- file server
- server intranet-type web apps across network of 3-4 users (www-based ruby on rails calendar, budgeting, etc)
- ftp/ssh

i will be starting from scratch with no prior parts besides a 300gb HD. i dont have the luxury of time to learn linux so i will be running windows 2000 OR 2003 server (any advice on which?). i'd like to have an end target of ~1 terabyte of HD space as I am a graphic designer and need the space for all of my projects. this server will be interacting with all macs, and possibly other pc's in the future as i consider render machines.

i'd like to remain budget conscious on this build, but want to build it right, once.

UPDATE: this is what im considering:

ASUS M2A-VM Socket AM2 AMD 690G Micro ATX AMD Motherboard - $69.99
AMD Athlon 64 X2 3600+ Brisbane 1.9GHz Socket AM2 - $69
GeIL 2GB (2 x 1GB) 240-Pin DDR2 SDRAM DDR2 800 (PC2 6400) Dual Channel Kit - $89.99
2 x SAMSUNG SpinPoint T Series HD501LJ 500GB 7200 RPM SATA 3.0Gb/s Hard Drive - $239.98 ($119.99 x 2)
1 x Western DIgital 300gb SATA drive i alreay have - $free.99
COOLER MASTER RC-330-KKN1-GP Black SECC ATX Mid Tower Computer Case $39.99
Athena Power AP-MP4ATX40 MicroATX Ver 2.2 400W Power Supply - $32.99

Answer:help me build home server

- server itranet-type web apps across network of 3-4 users (calendar, budgeting, etc)

This is the one requirement I'm not sure about...

Calendar - MS Exchange? Outlook ? Sharepoint ? Google Calendar ? What?

Budgeting - Quickbooks ?

Etc? - What are you going for here?

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Hello. I am still planning my WHS server. It will mainly backup and store things. I want it to make complete 100% backups of all my hard drives in my system as well as the other computers/laptops in the house and also have a nice storage size for everyone.

That's my objective.

Here are questions.

I was wondering if the OS should be on a separate hard drive than the backups/storage drives.

I was told about the duplication feature. I can duplicate files to a different hard rives in case a hard drive dies. Can I set it so it backs up everything? The backups as well as the storage? I was told I can't do a RAID 1 in a WHS server. I'm just concerned in the event a server hard drive fails. What can be done to protect the server hard rives?

I'm assuming I don't need a separate hard drive for each backup. How do the backups show up on the hard drive? Like one big huge file or each and every file in it's own folder? Like Computer 1 backup folder>Entire contents of backed-up hard drive?

Should I keep back ups and storage on separate hard drives?

When backups are scheduled, does it back up the entire hard drive or just modified/new files? I'm assuming the latter applies.

How often would you back up? Daily? Weekly? Or does it continuously monitor hard drives for changes and back up that way?

Besides backing up the hard drives around the house and providing storage for everyone, what other use can a server like this do? I know just basic stor... Read more

Answer:Some n00b Win Home Server questions

Generally speaking when they are available it is better to store the data on separate physical drives than the OS.

A typical drive layout would be a pair of drives in RAID 1 for the OS, with a group of drives in RAID 5 for the data. This is the (a) traditional method. To do that you would need a minimum of 5 drives ideally the same size and geometry within each array.

I really don't play around with "home" servers or equipment so I don't know what their limitations are. Most decent motherboards have integrated RAID controllers that can support this in hardware. Keep in mind hardware RAID >> software RAID which means the controller is doing all the calculations and housekeeping without involving the host OS. The OS just sees the arrays as one big logical block of storage.

The are a ton of different methods of backups as well. Again, a common way to accomplish effective backups is to do a "full" once a week with "incrementals" on a daily basis. If you needed to restore you would have to restore the full and then every subsequent incremental that was run since the full was completed. Alternatively you could do a full and "differentials" every night which make restore operations less complicated since you just need to restore the full and the latest differential. The way a backup utility knows which files have changed since the last backup is through the "archive bit" being set on a file.

That should g... Read more

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First off, anyone have any good guides to setting up a home server that I can access from anywhere (using Adelphia and/or Comcast)?

I'm using Windows Server 2003 and want to be able to access it from wherever. I know my ISP switches IP's on me, so I know I need some automatic updater of sorts for that, but which?

Any other help or tips appreciated.

Answer:Setting up a home server - Questions

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I am looking to buy a server for my home and i dont really know what hardware i really need to do this.

Here is what i want to do.

I want a central location to store all of my files. I am a photographer and i end up with about 750GB - 1TB per year of data
I really only need the last 2 years of data available to share. the rest i would archive.

From this central location i want to be able access these files from any one of 3 machines - all running XP. I want all of my application to reside on these 3 machines such that the server is really just a storage device. I would like the server to act as a print server also, so i dont have to install printer software on each machine as i have now.

I have no interest in accessing any of these files outside of my little home network. I do not want this to be a web server either.

Any advice would be greatly appreciated


Answer:home server hardware requirements

You may want to consider a Network Attached Storage (NAS) solution. Buffalo's TeraStation would hold 1.5 Terabytes on a RAID 5 drive set for less cash than most servers. NAS is designed to do exactly what you want, just provide a file share for networked computers.

You can also attach external USB drives directly to it for backing up if you want to. It looks like it also supports a printer connection. You will have to install the printer software to each computer. This is always the case, just most servers will auto install it for you when you connect to the share.

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Hi all
It's very difficult to get really good advice on this but I'm now trying to build the "Ultimate" HOME server machine.

Note the machine will be essentially used as a HOME (not a commercial / work) server so it doesn't need all the fancy gaming state of the art graphics cards etc.

What it DOES need is enough RAM and horsepower to run 4 Virtual servers, whilst also file and print sharing to a number of "remote" (actually a LAN) workstations.

A "Blade" type server would be OK in a commercial environment but my server needs to be a bit like a conventional workstation.

I need around 16GB RAM (seems hard to get a basic motherboard with enough memory slots these days), and a QUAD CPU. The I/O subsystem nust allow for around 8 drives and two DVD/CD units to be connected and have video output capability to drive 2 monitors (although most of the tine the monitors will probably be disconnected.

I need to have as well at least 2 but preferably 3 Network cards on it.

Most of the stuff I've looked at seems to be more geared to high performance gaming or running NASA's next Mars mission.

A SERVER doesn't need hideously expensive gear - but it does need the capability to have loads of memory and disk drives to be connected to it.

Any IT admins out there who use this type of stuff at work -- recommendations.

The ability to run 4 Virtual servers decently is essential so 16GB of RAM is the minimum -- Ideally I'd like 64GB but that's pro... Read more

Answer:Hardware for a good W7 HOME Server

Quote: Originally Posted by jimbo45

The ability to run 4 Virtual servers decently is essential so 16GB of RAM is the minimum -- Ideally I'd like 64GB but that's probably like asking for the moon.

Jeez...I run a handful of ESXi servers at work and I usually put 24GB of RAM in those to run 10-12 concurrent Linux and Windows servers and that usually doesn't max out the RAM. So, I would have to imagine that 16GB of RAM is going to be more than enough for home use and 4 VM's.

Quote: Originally Posted by jimbo45

I need around 16GB RAM (seems hard to get a basic motherboard with enough memory slots these days), and a QUAD CPU. The I/O subsystem nust allow for around 8 drives and two DVD/CD units to be connected and have video output capability to drive 2 monitors (although most of the tine the monitors will probably be disconnected.

Quite a number of new mobo's support 16GB of will just have to be a 4 x 4GB setup. Quad core CPU's are a dime a dozen. The I/O subsystem to allow that many drives will likely just involve adding on 1 additional controller card. And just about any modern video card can easily handle dual monitor support.

Quote: Originally Posted by jimbo45

I need to have as well at least 2 but preferably 3 Network cards on it.

Quite a number of mobos have 2 NIC's...You will... Read more

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I got a technet subscription recently and also a static IP, so I wanted to try playing around with my home network. I have 3 machines I can play with for server roles and ran into some problems with my original plan, and I was hoping I can get some advices to alter my plan here.

My 3 machines are Via C7 machine, AMD Athlon-LE w/ 4GB on 760G mobo, and Phenom II 900e w/ 8GB on 785G mobo. My original plan was to have Via C7 box to host PFSense for edge firewall with Athlon-LE box running Server 2008 R2 with TMG and Exchange Server for backend firewall and Edge Transport role. Then for LAN, I was going to run Phenom box for Domain controller along with Exchange Server in Hyper-V and Opensolaris file server also in Hyper-V. The problem is I can't get the Phenom box to run Opensolaris in Hyper-V stably. I think it might be a driver issue also, but the machine blue screens constantly while running opensolaris in Hyper-V.

So, here's my dilemma. I can either move Opensolaris to a Athlon-LE box and forgo running TMG backend firewall and edge transport exchange server, or setup Opensolaris on the Phenom and run instances of Server 2008 on Virtualbox for domain controller and exchange server roles, or set up esx or xen run opensolaris and Server 2008 than way.

Other than what's listed above, I'll need to run a VPN server somewhere and also a Backup Exec somewhere to run a tape library attached via SCSI HBA. The last requirement I have also might be problemati... Read more

Answer:Questions about setting up a exchange server in a home network

before you go through a lot of trouble doing stuff at home, check if you're IB is on a PBL.
run into this a fair, bit, but see if you can get your ISP to take, it off, a lot of ISP actually will block port25 as well, read your eula.

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I already have a Vmware server 1.06 running on a Debian server, but I really want to try out ESXi. I already have few Athlon IDE based motherboards that aren't being used. I would like to utilized them, but I read from few places that only few selective SATA and SCSI devices are supported. Can someone recommend me a cheap SATA card that will work with ESXI? What chipsets should I be looking for? I already have an unused 320gigs IDE drive. I was thinking about purchasing a SATA-IDE bilateral converter board to convert to 320gigs IDE drive into a Sata drive. How about the nics? Which nic cards do you recommend? I read an article about booting off the USB thumb drive and mount through ISCSI, but my home network setup is 100mps. I am assuming it will be way to slow to run it from my Linux server. My goal is to run 2x(Debian), 2x(2003), and 1x(2008). I also read cheap HP D530 can be a decent test server for ESX with 4gigs of ram without an additional purchase. Is HP D530 compatible with ESXi? Am I better off building a machine from scratch?

Thanks for your help.

Answer:trying to build a cheap test home ESXi server

Check out this site:

And yes, from what I've read the Compaq D530 works fine with ESX/ESXi 3.5

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apacheomegaHello Fellow Geek Monsters!!!I have an old gamming PC just sitting around colecting dust and I figured, "Hey I can do somthing with that!!!". So the next Big thought was how cool would it be to have my own remote server (for storade, back up, database, web server or even cloud). since I'm in my final year of school I've grown tired of carrying around the right flash drive, worrying about disk space, and yatta yatta yatta.I wanted to know if at all possible can I turn this old relic into a winner? I have a 3TB Western Digital (Green) HHD, I'm not sure how many gigs of ram I need or how much it can be upgraded to, and I also have a copy of RHEL 7 in my posession but don't know what to do.I basicly want to be able to store all my data from assignments, movies, music, etc. and be able to access my data remotley (In case I get some where and dont have the proper portable disk or what ever) Also I'm about to build my own web site for potential employers can see my project portfolio and also my proffesional profile.Before I rant on any further I just want to know if this is possible on this old PC of mine, what software do I need, and where are the tutorials for this so I don't have to constantly bug the crap out of all you Jedi Mind melders out there.Thank YouAO!P.S. I'm curently using Linux Fedora 21 on my modern desktop and an android tablet for mobile. I will be parchasing a sytem76 laptop in the mere future!!!!

Answer: How To Build The Best Home Server (Out Of An Old Dell Dimension Xps Gen4)

Post the system specs...

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I have started searching around for the correct docs on how to do this but haven't had much luck finding one that addresses what I'm trying to do.

I have an existing Windows 2000 server and am going to replace it with a server running Windows 2003 Server R2.

I would like to know the best way of doing that. Most of the docs I have seem talk about it as though you're keeping the same server hardware in place. That's not what I'm trying to do.

So, you don't have to go through all the steps I need to do. If you could just point me to the correct doc and give some helpful hints I would appreciate it.


Answer:Help Needed To Migrate Windows 2000 Server To Server 2003 On New Hardware

Need to know what services you are running on the server to be able to help you further.

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I run a home server on OEM 2003 Standard Server. I have seen that Home Server allows you to schedule a Hibernate / wake cycle. Is there any free software that can do this for 2003 Server?


From 2:00am until 12:00pm I want the server to be in Hibernate mode.

Answer:Windows Home Server Schedule Hibernate / Wake on 2003 Server?

I've always just used a scheduled shutdown command, and the BIOS power on at a certain time feature available on most motherboards to do that.

That's what I do with my media PCs.

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I have 2 servers; windows 2000 & windows 2008, I can always access them via XP but my system 7 home can't authenticate. It appears to add the domain name as a preamble my user name in the authentication....does this make sense?


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The command Winver shows what your current Windows build number is. Mine is 10240 because I installed the first available "production" version - the so-called RTM (Release to Manufacturing) version. But what about subsequent versions/build numbers:

1. Does applying all available updates make my 10240 build the same as newer ones?

2. Would it make more sense to download newer build ISO files and re-install/update my older build #?

Answer:2 questions about Windows build numbers


As I understand it the version will update as it goes along for regular users.
If you are in the Insider Program you will get them first but everyone will get them eventually (hopefully without the bugs).

I haven't heard anything about when the next retail build version will come out.

I searched but didn't find anything other then the general explanation of how it works.

When is the next Windows 10 build scheduled for release?


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Can anyone please explain how to backup my Windows Home Server onto a network Drive?

Answer:Windows Home Server 2011---Server Backups over Network

First you need to have a location where your backing up to. Do you have another server or network location (NAS?) that you are backing up to?

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I have a file server at home with a Quad core, 4gb ram, and a 3tb of storage. It is running Ubuntu Desktop and sharing video files primarily. From my school I have access to a free copy of Windows Server 2008 R2. Other than the server I have 2 Windows 7 desktops, 1 Windows 7 laptop and 1 Windows Vista laptop.

I am interested in moving to a Windows setup as I am done with the ?Ubuntu? experiment. WHS looks like what I need, but I have a free copy of WS 2008 and I would miss the $50 for WHS. My goals can be described best as:

Need to Haves:
? File/media server (local network)
? Dedicated game server for various games for friends.
? Print server

Nice to Haves:
? Music/Video Streaming over the internet
? Automatic backup server
? File server over the internet
? Ability to manager other PC?s from the server

My ability as an admin:
? No experience
? Willing to learn and put forth initial effort to get setup
? Don?t have time to really spend more than 1 day moving from Ubuntu to the new setup.
? Don?t want to be stuck constantly screwing with things to get it right or keep it running.

What is going to be best option for my situation?

Answer:Help choose: Windows Home Server 2011 vs. Windows Server 2008 R2

Honestly, I use both in their proper settings, and unless you have a domain at home with multiple users, Windows Server 2008 R2 is overkill...and would require much more tweaking and add-in apps to do what you want. Given your write-up, WHS 2011 is the way to go. It does much of what you want out of the box, and is designed for people who don't want to become server admins (or at least not be forced to).

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Windows Updates have been a real thorn in my side since moving to the country where I have limited bandwidth ISP. I have 6-7 Windows PCs I (try to) keep updated, both XP and W7. I've tried downloading updates just ONCE using the Microsoft Update Catalog, but then I still have to note what pc needs what updates and install them manually.

Newegg's sale on Windows Home Server today has me wondering whether I might dedicate a PC to WSUS just to manage updates.

Can folks here with WSUS experience suggest whether this is worth doing? Or might be more trouble than it's worth vs. the manual "Update Catalog" method? Or tried w/WHS and that's a problem in itself? TIA for any feedback...

Answer:Windows Server Update Services and Windows Home Server -- worth doing?

I manage the WSUS implementation where I work. Overall, it's a pretty straightforward product. The only hassle will be going through the list of "all updates" for Windows 7 and for XP and declining the ones that don't pertain to your systems. The good news is that WSUS will determine for you, which are needed and which aren't and will place an icon next to the ones which you need.

I don't have experience with running WSUS on WHS myself....but I'm guessing it would be pretty much the same as doing it on a straight up Windows server.

As far as getting the clients to use your WSUS server, that's a simply registry change.

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I have done a bit of searching on the web looking for information about hardware that is known to have a problem with Vista. I've been trying to install vista on my second machine and have had nothing but install failres and errors. Many times the error ofr failure is different. At first I suspected a dvd drive probelm so the dvd drive was replaced.
That did not help.

The system is an older one - tyan trinity kt-a mother board flashed to the latest bios upgrade; and an AMD Duron 900MHz processor; and 1gig of ram.

I saw one comment in a forum somewhere, while I was searching for compatability information, that indicated an incombatibility between Vista and the AMD Duron processer. Finding only one comment like that in a forum other than a MajorGeeks forum suggests to me that I should take it with a grain of salt.

I really don't want to tell SWMBO that I need a new motherboard and processer.

Answer:Windows Vista Questions - Hardware


You get all of these errors when trying to install Vista, generally around the copying of files stage, possibly?

What I would do is to re-burn the Vista ISO at no more than 2x speed as its well known that burning the ISO at full speed of your burner, "may" cause the install to fail.

note: not everyone has a failure on install if they burn at full speed, but many do.

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Is there an iTunes Server for WHS 2011 available?

Answer:iTunes Server for Windows Home Server 2011 ?

Other than installing iTunes?

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According to Maximum PC, this is the best OS to use when creating a media/file server. I am considering getting a license, but I need to know the following:

I hear its a real task to set up. Anybody know any good guides?
Will it accept the WinTV PVR 150 (non-MCE)? To make it simpler: Will it accept the hardware I have that works with Windows XP Professional?


Answer:Windows Server 2003 for my home's media server

It was no harder than XP to install. Now, setting up could be a different story as that wasn't my job.

Be aware, though, that a lot of software will not install on that OS. It recognizes it as a "server" os and aborts the installation.

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Hey everyone,

I'm sorry if I post this in the wrong forum, but I have a few questions about setting up the bios and installing windows.

This is the computer that I am building for video production:

Asus P6T Deluxe V2
Corsair Core i7 XMS3 12GB
5 Samsung 1 TB Spinpoint 7200 RPM
Antec Nine Hundred Two Black Steel ATX Mid Tower Computer Case
Windows 7 Ultimate 64-bit

Now I want to use 1 of the Hard drives as my boot drive. And I want to set the other 4 hd's to raid 0.

How do I go about doing this?

Thank you,


Answer:Windows 7 Ult 64 Custom build: bios and windows install questions

Quote: Originally Posted by brotherkyle

Hey everyone,

I'm sorry if I post this in the wrong forum, but I have a few questions about setting up the bios and installing windows.

This is the computer that I am building for video production:

Asus P6T Deluxe V2
Corsair Core i7 XMS3 12GB
5 Samsung 1 TB Spinpoint 7200 RPM
Antec Nine Hundred Two Black Steel ATX Mid Tower Computer Case
Windows 7 Ultimate 64-bit

Now I want to use 1 of the Hard drives as my boot drive. And I want to set the other 4 hd's to raid 0.

How do I go about doing this?

Thank you,


Well, there are several ways to do this, although initially, you should just consider building up your system with the 1 disk first,getting it stable and functional before we worry about throwing the other 4 HDs into the system and RAID 0 them in.

I would also take into consideration the following with regards to the RAID you have in mind... Given you are planning on doing video production and having 4 disks in a RAID 0 configuration, is your case designed to have a removable Hard drive cages.

If not, I would recommend getting it because of the simple fact that if and when one of those drives fail for your RAID 0 array, the time it takes to pull the machine out, open it up, discover the bad disk in the group, replace it, close it up and rebuild the array to be functional again will be about 10 times longer than having a case where you ha... Read more

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I am talking about windows 10 release that scheduled for July 29. These question will determine if I get a windows 10 device in the future and whether or not I upgrade.

My questions are referring to windows home unless otherwise noted.

How often will Microsoft update windows 10 everyday, every week or every other week (If it is everyday it could be a problem when watching online videos)?

How often will Microsoft release a build to the consumer every month or two or three (This could use a lot of bandwidth)? Will it have a fast & a slow ring as well or will that only be available to insiders?

Say, you turn off your computer at night, will the updates be download the next day when you are using the computer?

How will windows 7 legit oemslp computer upgraded be handled, will I need to use the key on the back of the machine before upgrading if I did decided to do the upgraded?

If you turn on Metered connections will that stop the updates & builds from downloading?

Will you be able to create a local account with the Consumer Release?

Will I be able to go back to windows 7 if decided I didn't like windows 10?

Will you need to enable secure boot if using a 64 bit computer?

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Hello guys. I will try to be direct. The notebook which i installed Windows 10 TP was running Windows 8.1 and i installed the HOME build 10130, over the 8.1 version. But i had some problems with Windows update and boot, so i did a clean install of Windows 10 preview build 10162, but in the PRO version(I thought it would be home version, but didn't happened). Ok, before that, i picked up the product key of the OEM version(8.1) and now, with build 10162, Windows its not activated. I used the key given by Microsoft, but it simply doesnt work. Appears a message that the activation server blocked the key. I just received the build 10240 by windows update, and i'm downloading now, but here's the question: To activate Windows properly, i have to install 8.1 again, put the key and install Windows 10 oficial? The OEM product key has a lifetime if not in use? I can do something different to activate it? I will be grateful if someone give me a good answer

Answer:Activation windows 10 pro insider build 10162. I have some questions

MonsieurLynx said:

Hello guys. I will try to be direct. The notebook which i installed Windows 10 TP was running Windows 8.1 and i installed the HOME build 10130, over the 8.1 version. But i had some problems with Windows update and boot, so i did a clean install of Windows 10 preview build 10162, but in the PRO version(I thought it would be home version, but didn't happened). Ok, before that, i picked up the product key of the OEM version(8.1) and now, with build 10162, Windows its not activated. I used the key given by Microsoft, but it simply doesnt work. Appears a message that the activation server blocked the key. I just received the build 10240 by windows update, and i'm downloading now, but here's the question: To activate Windows properly, i have to install 8.1 again, put the key and install Windows 10 oficial? The OEM product key has a lifetime if not in use? I can do something different to activate it? I will be grateful if someone give me a good answer

Hey, i just restored the notebook using Samsung recovery! So easy, now i'm running Windows 8.1 again!

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Ok so my original computer was a Windows 7 Home Premium and that's the PC I used to work. I had REMOTE DESKTOP on it, it worked fine and yes it was a Windows 7 Home Premium..but yesterday my original pc got fried and smoke came out of it so I am afraid to turn it on.

I am now using my back pc, it is also a windows 7 home premium build 7600, and I remember I use to have remote desktop on it but I right clicked disabled one day a long time ago and after that I was never ever able to get it back. Ive been reading online that Windows 7 home premium does not have the remote desktop option, odd because my other pc had it. Point is.. I need to connect to my job's server asaaap, but I am unable to find a way to connect to their server, I have their ip address and a special login/pass the same way you do in windows remote desktop.

I have tried downloading those rdp patches and stuff and it just does not work! I cannot find the remote desktop anywhere even have the install said "listening" and "remote desktop successfully" etc etc.

Is there a program I can use to connect to my work's boss uses windows 7 remote desktop,,,

I tried using teamviewer and added the ip address but it doesnt work idk if you have to both be using the same program..please in need of help here :/

Answer:I need to connect to my job's server from home on Windows 7 Home Prem

My last option is to upgrade to windows 7 pro and pay the $80 above for it JUST to get remote desktop
I'm trying everything possible though before that.. but I really need this to work in order to start my job

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So, I really like Windows Home Server a lot, but I want to use a domain with Windows Server 2008. What kind of software could I use (third party, Microsoft) to get the functionality of WHS? I'm looking at the media streaming and easy backups for all client users. I can do remote access using VNC, so that's not a problem. And I know of software that can make the library online (as a web server).

Would my best option to make the Server 2008 a web server and just put a page on there to stream the music that way (as well as shared folders for the XBox)? And what software can do effecient backups similar to WHS?


Answer:Server 2008 -> Windows Home Server

Why not just use 2008 server as a file server
- shares for the Xbox
- web page for the music (although you can use shares as well)

theres all sorts of backups you can do.
Acronis backing up to the server autmatically
NTBackup backing up files/folders to the server
- all those should work fine on server 2008

Are the computers going to be part of the domain too?
XBox would probably need some sort of user/pass to access a domain server

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I have an old ACER EasyStore H340, which figured out it should crash on me the other day.
In the unit I have 4 HD's, 1 for OS and 3 for DATA.

I have done restore (not factory reset) on the unit earlier, and that has been successfull. However I never had the amount of data on it as I do now.
So in a mildly panicked state, I need to restore again.

I started with that yesterday, and restore seems to be OK, but when the WHS v1 connector software shows after restore, it's just hanging and do not continue the installation so I can set a password on the unit.

So my questions are:
1) Would the connector software struggle due to my Windows 10 Technical Preview version?
2) Does it make sense to remove data disks, restore and put in data disk when done? If possible for WHS to reckongnize the data drives afterwards
3) Am I screwed?
tl;dr - Server recovery WHSv1 doesnt complete, and hangs when Connector software is about to be installed on Client computer.


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I've been running here at home Server 2003 Enterprise 180-Day Trial for about 3 years now. I received 2 cds/keys from my MCSE books I bought in college.
I can re-install this O/S as many times as I want and fully patch it no problem - must be MOL or something :shrugs:

However the only annoyance is every 180-days I need to take the time to re-install the O/S and whatever programs I run on it, set up the file and print, re-write permissions, etc....
It takes a good 3-4 days for it get to back up and running how I want it, or a wasted weekend.

Can I assume though Windows Home Server does not do FSMO roles?
As well are there any major features that would be lost? I havn't found any comparison charts......


Answer:Server 2003 Ent. or Windows Home Server

Windows Home Server is not gonna be your solution. It does the same thing as your Server 2003 and there is a flaw with Home Server. You MUST format your ENTIRE Hard drive. If you have more then one you must format all of them.

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from my MSDN subscription i can get a copy of server 2008. (x86 or x64)

but i was toying with the idea of windows home server.

it will be going onto a 3600X2 on a k9agm2 with 2 gig of ram in my sig (which you cant see!) as i retire the old fileserver and upgrade the development box.

It will need to run SQL server 2008 (low load) and a couple of websites. as well as the families Media sharing, Document sharing and backups

i like the simplicity of WHS buti'm not bothered about the configuration of server 2008 either,

i really like the idea as hard drives appearing as one pool.

question is is the simplicity wortth the 100 for WHS and can i do everything i need to on WHS

Answer:windows home server or Server 2008

It is insane how much system requirements for Windows servers are now. I setup a 266mzh overclocked Nslug for a client office. They only have five users. It runs Debian like a champ. Another Nslug is handling OpenVPN at 266mhz. They only eat 5 watts each.

If Windows is only option, I would go with 2008. Windows Home servers have so many issues.

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I'm trying to decide between Windows Home Server and Windows Server 2008 R2 for my home server PC. Ordinarily it would be a clear cut choice, but I've got a free copy of Server 2008 R2 through my academic MSDN subscription. I'd like to avoid spending extra money if Server 2008 R2 would do the job. But I'm willing to buy Home Server should it prove necesary. Any input is appreciated. Thanks.

Answer:Windows home server vs Server 2008 R2

Server 2008 R2 is a more fully functional product. You will be able to do similar things, but it might be a little more involved getting it set up and working. Plus, if you are interested in IT, you could use the Server 2008 R2 experience....but you won't get hired for your knowledge on Windows Home Server.

My vote is Server 2008 R2 without a doubt.

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My son wanted a new PC so we decided to build one, parts list is below.

The MB arrived DOA and we just got it back. Put everything together and posts ok now. We are getting hung up while installing windows 10 from a USB stick.

With the issues we are having I am wondering if something we bought is not compatible with the rest of the hardware. I double and triple checked the components for compatibility but maybe I missed something?

Boots from USB. Transfers files to HDD. Starts windows install. Gets through the install to a restart, boots back to the windows splash screen with waiting circle and then stops with error "PC restarted unexpectedly. Restart your PC and start the install again"

Restart PC and goes back to Windows splash screen with waiting circle then blue screen

"Your PC ran into a problem and needs to restart. We're just collecting some error info and then we will restart for you."gives a % complete readout and a stop code of WHEA UNCORRECTABLE ERROR.

When I look this up on windows help it says to update windows or roll back to a previous version. I cant do either of these as windows is not and had not been installed ever.

I have tried - re-seating the ram and GPU. Tried with one stick of ram and then the other. All 3 times the PC ran through the same scenario as above with the same 2 errors.

I am at a loss for what to do next. Any and all help is appreciated.

Motherboard - GA-990FX-Gaming Rev 1.0
Processor - FX 8300 B... Read more

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Post a huge error log file on how your video card crashed. Whats the most common answer?

"Update your drivers"

I seriously doubt ANYONE can actually read those longass logs and be able to comprehend and troubleshoot off them...just my thought (I know I cant and I've been working on computers since I was little)

But this is the real problem I have, and I swear if anyone asks for the log, you're not getting it

There isnt really a consistency with this problem but I will, at times, randomly get the Blue Screen Of Death and then it says the driver Nv4_display.dll is the source of the problem. Well after search after search on google to see if any forums had talked about this issue, all I found was

"Gimme your log"
"Update your drivers"

and then the person who was asking for help would do so, and then say that it didnt work and now more errors were coming up. I am currently running a

Gigabyte Motherboard consisting of:
GeForce 4 TI4800
AMD 2.1GhZ Processor 2800+
768 MB of DDR3200 RAM

Now does has anyone had similar problems or knows what the cause of this may be?





Answer:Couple of questions about how people handle Hardware questions

well i think its obvious. update your

so you get the 'blue screen'. sounds like a windows problem? reinstall maybe...
how old is your vid card? perhaps its faulty...
Does it happen most often during boot-up, idle, gaming???

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Hi all...a few questions....
Since I was already at build 240 on the preview, can I assume that I won't have to do any further upgrades? 240 is RTM and should be the same release as the official today...correct? Windows Update says I am up to date.
If that is the case, I was wondering why I have these two folders both created today:
C:\$Windows.~BT (976kb)
C:\$Windows.~WS (5.76GB)
Should I keep these folders around or do you think it is safe to delete?
I have already created an ISO via this link:
So I should be good to go...or at least I think so. I guess as long as I have my Win 8.1 key I should be OK for future clean installs.
One thing I did notice from using Produkey, was that my original Win 8.1 key was there but there is also a Windows 10 key that is different. I guess we are getting new Windows 10 keys if we upgraded???
Thanks for any info!!!

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I'll make the same well worn declarations and disclaimers that everyone makes when they make this post.

I've been around computers for decades, but I know more about software than I am likely to ever know about hardware. I am so imbalanced, that I even hate printers. I can code a bit, I am familiar with most software all the way back to the DOS era, and if you have a software related issue, I can likely help you address it (or at least know which forums to ask people smarter/better informed than I am) and I can follow instructions. I find that, that's a necessary skill (following instructions) when dealing with computers. Not everyone has that.


I am having a terrible case of decision fatigure or choice overload.

I've been trying to research what my first build should be but none of the chipmakers or motherboard makers, and especially graphic card makers seem to make it easy to determine what fits your use case, as opposed to what is taking a blunderbuss to a rabbit shoot. I understand they want to sell me the stuff, but they don't do a good job of explaining just how much of this stuff I need.

I apologize if I'm coming at this backwards, but please allow me to define my use case, and then my needs list up front?

I am in publishing. The most demanding thing I ever do with my work machine is convert video (rarely), or render a high resolution cover in some Adobe software.

I am constantly running some program in the Adobe catalog. InDesign, PhotoS... Read more

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Hey all,

Quick question...

I have a W7 running VPN server that has been set up and works perfect for PPTP incoming connections.

the router I am using has been set up to allow PPTP, SSTP, and IKEv2. Although it has been enabled and Allowed on my W7(VPN server) everytime I try to connect via SSTP, or IKEv2, I get an error saying that there has been a connection issue with the remote server.

I read another forum where it said I had to install a certificate to allow it through my Firewall, just wondering if I need to make exceptions on the server Firewall, or if I am experiencing another issue.

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Hi all,

Sorry, but I could't decide if there was a better section of the forums in which to post my question, so I ended up here. Please re-locate this post if you need to.

I am interested in setting-up an internet radio station and wonder if anyone reading this post has any experience in this area?

What with the cost of licensing through PRS and PPL, the initial outlay for this kind of thing is quite high, and that's before I even start looking at stream hosting.

I have made some initial enquiries with various companies as to the cost of hosting my station, and the costs seem to be related to the level of sound quality, or bit-rate, that I want for my station, plus the amount of streams that are made available at any one time.

Obviously, the higher the sound quality, or bit-rate, and the more streams, the higher the cost per month/year.

So, basically I have been looking at ways of achieving hosting for less financial outlay.

At this point I have a question. I already have a hosting account for web pages with a U.K company who have Windows servers. My account allows me unlimited storage and bandwidth. Couldn't I use this account to stream my audio? After all, it does offer unlimited bandwidth.

Basically, can anyone tell me what the difference is between Windows servers, and shoutcast/icecast servers?

Could a Windows server that is normally used to store/display web pages, also be used to stream music in real-time?

If nobody here knows the answers, cou... Read more

Answer:Windows Server Questions

Have you looked at these options/articles:

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Every now and then I get an error, "The device 'Generic volume' cannot be stopped because a program is still accessing it", after trying to safetly remove my USB device.

No matter what I do I can not get it to say Device is ok to be Safetly Remove (or what ever it is)... - I mean I close everything that I can think of; I have tried to close a few program under the "Processes" tab of the windows task manager however some of these unsure if I she End Process so when unsure I do not. Is there anyway of knowing what these programs are?

Back to the USB device isue - will shutting off computer be good enough to unplug the USB drive? As there is always a little power in the computer on shut down.

Any advice would be greatly appreciated - thanks,

Answer:Questions on: safely remove hardware and Windows task manager

Look in the bottom toolbar for a tiny icon that has a green arrow pointing down to the left, and a grey image of a USB flash drive just below it.
Right click on that tiny arrow-grey box set. You will get the box "Safely Remove Hardware"
Click on that choice, and wait until you get the message on your screen that it is safe to remove the USB flash device.

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My motherboard died, and I had to get a new one. I bought the same model. The rest of hardware on my PC remained the same. After that upgrade my Windows 10 isn't activated any more.

I don't have Windows 7, 8, 8.1, or 10 licence, but I am early Windows 10 Insider, and I recieved free Insider builds. They had expiration date, so I had to keep ugrading to new builds, and stay in the Insider program to retain my free "licence". I was doing so, and I provided feedback to Microsoft about every build.

I was hoping that "minor" hardware change wouldn't affect my Windows 10 activation, because all Insiders should have free "licence" that is tied to my Microsoft e-mail account?

Now my Windows 10 Insider 10586 build isn't activated. How can I activate it? Shouldn't all Insider versions be free?
Should I sign for Windows Insider program all over again? I'm bit confused. Please share your thoughts about this.

Answer:Windows Insider Build 10586 deactivated after hardware upgrade

ludr said:

I was hoping that "minor" hardware change wouldn't affect my Windows 10 activation, because all Insiders should have free "licence" that is tied to my Microsoft e-mail account?

Windows 10 licenses are not tied to Microsoft accounts. Windows 10 licenses are tied to either the Hardware ID of the computer (digital entitlement), or tied to product keys (purchased retail and insider previews activated with a provided product key).

ludr said:

Now my Windows 10 Insider 10586 build isn't activated. How can I activate it? Shouldn't all Insider versions be free?

Should I sign for Windows Insider program all over again? I'm bit confused. Please share your thoughts about this.

Windows 10 build 10586 is not an insider build. It is the full RTM build released as the November update. You can call Microsoft and they might give you an activation. You can rejoin the insider program because when you clean installed the RTM (not insider) build 10586, it would not have automatically kept you in the insider program, but I doubt that will get you an activation. All of the insider builds I got between build 10240 and build 10586 were activated based on my digital entitlement obtained from upgrading from Windows 7 and not insider product keys.

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I'm in need of some suggestions on what type of PC (hardware requirements) would be good to run versions of Windows Server. The PC would not be used for business purposes, purely for learning. All I need is for the PC to run Windows Server and run it without being too slow ie, I want an old PC to run Windows Server not a new one but I dont know what would be sufficient.

So if anyone can provide some suggestions, such as a PIII 700mhz, 256MB RAM etc it would be great.

Thank you.


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I was wondering- is Windows Server 2003 a good day to day operating system? Is it faster, more reliable more compact then say- Windows 2000 Pro or Windows XP Pro. If you did not have a high end system but rather a system with a CPU below 1 Ghz would you reccomend using Windows 2003 or what other operating system?

Answer:Windows Server 2003 Questions

This has been discussed in-depth on this board before and no. It's XP with server capabilities. Just go with XP. After all the crap you have to disable and enable to make the performance equal to XP, it's just not worth it.

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Im sorry if this belongs in the networking forum, it is an OS so I figure it be best to put it in here.

Right now I have a old P4 computer with Windows Server 2003 on it. This summer I am upgrading this computer and am putting Dual Opertons and expanding its storage capacity greatly. Some parts I am getting from the F/S forum and some are being given to me by some people I know. Basically im am building a whole new server.

I can get Windows Server 2003 Standard Edition via the Dreamspark program. How does Windows Server 2003 work with multiple processors and the licensing? I heard I need two copies of Server 2003 for multiple processors. Is this true? Also since its 32bit based, I cant use 4 gigs of ram right or is 4 gigs the limit with Windows Server 2003?

Answer:Windows Server 2003 Questions

You'll still run into the same memory constraints as in XP, given that it is still a 32 bit based OS. I've never heard that you'd need an extra license for a dual CPU system, but that may be true as you get up into the higher end system, with 8 way procs and such. I doubt seriously you'd need two licenses for that system. I ran a VLK version of Server 2003 on a dual Celeron system a few years ago without issue.

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Please be gentle, I am learning and by no means do I expect to be spoon fed, but I do need a few questions answered.

FIrst off, I have Windows server 2003 installed on my PC, dual booting Xp pro for the moment, mostly this is for learning purposes.

Now there are two other computers on the network, both running XP pro. Eventually, I would like to set up a domain and have both computers authenticate through my server 2003 install, manage them through AD, and just basically learn.

Now i'm going to provide some screenshots because as we all know, a picture is worth a thousand words.

First thing is installing DNS. I believe I've installed DNS correctly, but I don't know how I can be certain.

Now here in Picture1, am I using my DNS or my ISP's DNS service for the resolving that you seen? Also, as you can see in Picture2 , I can ping myself and other computers on my network, but they cannot ping me. (them pinging me not shown)

Now Picture3 is the DNS console, of what I believe would be most useful to someone who is willing to help.

Now the problem I have is when I have a computer on the network attempt to join the domain, I get an error saying the domain could not be found/contacted.


Note: This information is intended for a network administrator. If you are
not your network's administrator, notify the administrator that you received
this information, which has been recorded in the file
C:\WINDOWS\debug\dcdiag.txt.... Read more

Answer:Windows Server 2003 various questions

I am also very interested in this. I am having the classic "Slow login" to domain and believe it is DNS related!

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I am in college course once again, This time for a BS in Computer Science Majoring in Cybersecurity, and minoring in Ethical hacking.

I have got axcess to Windows server 2016, now when i go to download I find these three options

Data Center


and standard.

Know last time I ran windows server, was on the 2008 and I played around from blade servers to the dell big boxes, even slapped it on to some desktops.
I have a system which I was planning on making in to a server, it is a MOBO taken out of a HP 110-023W which Specifications can be found here

I am Wanting to know, if the system would work, because I have a single CPU and dual cores upon that and windows 2016 says minimum 8 core.
If it wont work I have other plans for the beast.... A PF sence BOX.

Answer:Windows server 2016 questions?

8 cores is not a requirement - not sure where you saw that at.

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I know Windows Server 2003 uses it's own proxy thing that was previously unsupported by most other applications until recently (for instance mozilla 1.5 won't work but 1.6 will). I've heard it mentioned once before in a thread but I can't seem to remember the name of it. I google'd and didn't turn up anything that explained it to me. Looking for any information someone can give or even just a name would do so I know what to narrow my search too. Thank you.

Also, one more the office my boss runs a Windows 2003 Small Business Server, right out of the box, not much in the way of special tweakings. The ISA thing doesn't let us out on port 80 without IE it automatically does it for you and you don't have to type anything, in Firefox/Mozilla you have to type it in each time (username and password) that you open the browser. Now, winamp doesn't seem to support either of these methods and I am unable to listen to internet radio stations. The boss says he'd be cool with opening it all up and letting everyone out without authentication but he's convinced it will make the server insecure. Is this so? How so? And is there any workaround so that I can get my radio stations, winamptv, and other streaming video/audio? I really would like to open it up so that anyone who's already authenticated through the ISA thing is aloud out no matter what, I don't see how that would make us insecure at al... Read more

Answer:WIndows Server 2003 Questions

The user authentication is primarily used for reporting what websites people visit and the bandwidth that is utilized. Without the user authentication, he will lose the ability to track on a per user basis and also lose the ability to control what ports/services a group of people use *outbound*, so in a sense it would lessen the *outbound* security.

Winamp should be able to pass the necessary authentication credentials, although you'll need to experiment with it a bit.

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Just a few questions. Right now i have a basic network at home setup with a linksys router/wireless AP/additional switch/cable modem. This works pretty well, but i decided i could use a server to store some backup files and do various other tasks. I obtainted a copy of win2k3 through school and truely dont know how to use it yet. I have been researching for quite awhile and was hoping for help. My goal is to have the server be a DHCP server, file server, and firewall. I have two NICs installed, and my guess was connect one to the cable modem, and have the other pcs connect to the switch and connect the switch to the second NIC, and use the router/AP as only an AP. Im hoping for some suggestions, tips, anything. Links or anything would be great. Sorry if i seem like a total n00b, but this is my first attempt at something like this.


Answer:Few Questions Windows Server 2003

it's not hard to setup dhcp and file server at all. there is a wizard to guide you through the process of setting up your desired server roles. however, i do not think it is a good idea to use the machine as a firewall, since you will have all your data on it. your router already acts as a firewall via nat (network address translation), which should be more than enough for most home networks.

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First, thanks for all the help and suggestion posted previously.

My WHS home system died and I built a NAS4FREE setup which with help here worked pretty smoothly. Well I'm getting old and just couldn't figure out RSYNC and a few other options. I need a server for the basic family stuff like storing media and backing up 5-7 laptops/PCs around the house. WHS was a no brainer and just worked, slow but worked.


I have a dreamspark account so I started trying Microsoft Server 2012 R2. Looked great but again, overkill for my needs. I'm now trying Server 2012 R2 Essentials which looks closer to my needs.

Is there a big difference between R2 Essentials and just Essentials?

I'm loving the storage pool options and wondering if just striping + parity would be fine for my big MKV files etc. The server is just used for big storage and not 24/7 data movement.

I wouldn't mind also going the PLEX directions. Is this possible with R2?

Thank you for your time.

Answer:Newbie Windows Server R2 questions

Howdy...I use Windows 2012 R2 with a 4x4tb striped storage pool for Home Media storage.

I also run Plex on a separate Windows 2012 r2 VM without issues. With a large CPU in a storage server you could easily combine these functions.

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Some people recommended me to get Windows Server 2008 rather than Windows Vista...I was wondering if it comes with DirectX 10? You can play games with it right?

Answer:Windows Server 2008 Questions

You sure can. I have a copy myself that I was testing (x64 edition) and it does come with DirectX 10 and I can still play many of my older games from a couple of years ago.

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Can someone give me some information on Windows Server 2003?

I know very little about running a server and was wondering if there was any tips out there for running a personal one ...

Couple Questions that need answering:
- if I'm using WS2003 can I still run my normal programs like say Adobe Photoshop or a game like Operation Flashpoint?
- will running a server and leaving the computer on all the time 'hurt' it?
- are there any 'quirks' i should know about WS2003

Answer:Windows Server 2003 - some questions

moved to win2k/xp forum

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I'm gonna be setting up a small network soon and am confused with the CAL licensing crap. The network will have 5 PCS, 4 Printers, and one server...

When I configure the Server on the manufacture's website, it says "includes 5 Cals."

Do i need to buy more for my setup?? THe most # of pcs that we would ever have setup would be around 8, but 5 pcs for now...

So what do i need to do??? Am i covered?

- Arules

Answer:Windows Server CALs Questions....

Make sure to use per user licensing, per server is dead.
5 cals means you can have 5 users connect to the system concurrently.
If you have just 4 users you're fine.

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I have a couple servers that we use for DNS. I am trying to get them setup "the right way."

We have almost 900 .com domains I want these two servers to run for us.
We also have a straight fiber connection for us to use for internet.

Question 1) For a dual cpu 2.8ghz Dell 2650 w/ 3gigs of ram, how many domains would you put on a single dns server? All 900?

2) When you setup a secondary DNS server to accept zone transfers from the primary, does that mean that you can enter new zones into the primary and it will auto create them onto the secondary for you? Or do I have to go onto the primary and create the new zone and then go onto the secondary and create the new zone manually myself?

Thanks guys. I really need to find someone who is an expert in MS 2003 DNS Servers that I can just sit down and chat with cause this is a whole new book for me.

Answer:Windows 2003 DNS server questions

The answers require way too long a response for this forum. We recommend you obtain copies of

Windows Server 2003: A Beginner's Guide (Beginner's Guide) by Martin S Matthews (Paperback - April 11, 2003)


Microsoft Windows Server(TM) 2003 Inside Out by William R. Stanek (Paperback - Jul 7, 2004)

Or similar books, or Windows Service 2003 knowledgebase articles at www.micrpspft/com.

Otherwise, you need an expensive Network consultant. They start in most locals at $85 an hour and sometimes $135 an hour. They have spent a great deal of time hands on getting to a point where they can advise you.

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Trying to get the New Windows 10 Build but it says theres a server error How do i get it installed

Answer:Trying to get the New Windows 10 Build but it says theres a server error

Yes we know...
More info:Microsoft working on Windows 10 Preview server issues for updates | Windows Central

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If you were interviewing a canidate for a net admin position and you wanted to determine their depth and knowledge of the Windows 2000/2003 Server Operating System.... what three questions would you ask?

Answer:Windows Server 2003 Interview Questions

Hi aushaheed,

The first obvious question I will ask to the candidate would be about security of the server : e.g. I have a server with important applications & databases, what must I do to make my server the more secure ?

The second one would be related about networking the server : domain, subdomain, group of users, the different rights of the users, different protocols, ...

The last one about applications and databases on a server : deployment and maintenance of the applications, database administration, data management, back-up ...

They are the 3 essential questions I would ask.

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Starting today, seemingly out of nowhere, my custom Windows 7 desktop PC started giving me a message along the lines of "you may be a victim of software counterfeiting," asking me to validate windows, then asking me to reinstall windows. I got this PC less than 1 year ago with a brand new Windows 7 key. Up until this time, I haven't had many major issues crop up, but some minor things have had me suspicious, and even more so now.
I ran Microsoft Security Essentials (detected/removed nothing) and Malwarebytes (removed/detected some PUPs but no frank malware). I attempted to backup my computer today using Windows backup, but it was unable to complete fully due to some corruption (I believe is what it said) in the C drive. 
Since this PC is less than one year old, I am hoping it's not hardware failure. If there's anything that could be done before I have to throw in the towel and get a new hard drive, then I need some help! 
Whatever logs and specs you need, please guide me and I'll be happy to provide. 

Answer:Infection or Hardware Issue? Windows 7 Not Genuine message Build 7601, new today

Rerun MBAM after allowing it to update. Post the results of the scan using the instructions below.
Once adware and malware are eliminated as the cause of the problem then instructions will be given for trouble shooting and repairing
the files and /or hardware.
Use CCleaner to remove Temporary files, program caches, cookies, logs, etc. Use the Default settings. No need to use the
Registry Cleaning Tool...risky. Pay close attention while installing and UNcheck offers of toolbars....especially Google.
After install, open CCleaner and run by clicking on the Run Cleaner button in the bottom right corner.
CCleaner - PC Optimization and Cleaning - Free Download
Once MBAM opens, when it says Your databases are out of date, click the Fix Now button.
Click the Settings tab at the top, and then in the left column, select Detections and Protections, and if not already checked place a checkmark in the selection box for Scan for rootkits.
Click the Scan tab at the top of the program window, select Threat Scan and click the Scan Now button.
If you receive a message that updates are available, click the Update Now button (the update will be downloaded, installed, and the scan will start).
When MBAM is finished scanning it will display a screen that displays any malware that it has detected.
Click the Remove Selected button.
MBAM will now delete all of the files and registry keys and add them to the programs quarantine. When removing the files, MBAM may require a reboot i... Read more

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First off how much power does a typical laptop consume with a P-M 1.5ghz processor?

Anyways in my quest for a low powered home server I have been debating between a Via C3 and an Intel Atom system, then it dawned on me that a laptop does not draw that much power either and that would not require me purchasing more equipment.

The systems I am looking at are:

Home built C3 system:
2 gigs of DDR 533 ram
1TB HDD (desktop HDD)
no optical

Intel Atom system:
Asus Eee Box
1gb RAM DD2
160 gig HDD (laptop HDD)
no optical

HP Pavilion DV1040 Laptop:
1 gig DDR RAM
160 gig HDD (obviously laptop hard drive)
Intel Pentium-M 1.6ghz
DVD/CD-RW drive

What would be my best option for a LOW POWER home media server? My main concern is power consumption because this thing is going to be on 24/7 and I am not a fan of paying more to the electric company than I have to, and the cost of energy is just going to keep going up.

Anyways what do you think? Ill be running Ubuntu on which ever system I decide on, so any advice would be great! Thanks!

Answer:Ever use a laptop for a home server? And question on low powered home server...

Your biggest downfall for a laptop media server is your limitation to expand your storage.

You can build a low power server box fairly cheaply plus have to expandability later on.

My advice is to just use one of those systems above. When the time comes to upgrade build a system that doesn't use much power. Also would recommend using some kind of spin down for hard drives so they don't consume as much power when they are not access. (Might notice a performance difference. doubtful)

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I have a Dell Poweredge 1750 with Intel Xeon 2.4 GHZ CPU's.

Does anyone know if the 2008 x64 OS can be installed on a system with Xeon 2.4 GHZ CPU's?

All the other stuff looks right like RAM, storage ect.

According to the MS web site it seems like it just lumps them all together. I guess the main thing is does the CPU have to be a specific 64 bit CPU or will it install on a 32 bit CPU.
Windows Server 2008 System Requirements

Thanks for your help.

Answer:Windows server 2008 x64 hardware requirements?

A Xeon is not a Itanium based CPU. So it falls under the catagory of the rest. It is above the 1.4GHz required for x64 you should be just fine.

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I have a WSE I use for backing up and stoaring data. I have like 10 hard drives connected to it 8 of which are running drive pool.

The Motherboard is toast, and well although it wasn't having any issues keeping up with some cameras and file storage and backups, I guess it might be time to replace it with my 4770k office PC (ex gaming rig) and upgrade that machine.

If I simply swap out the MB's are boot off the Hard drive with WSE be able to adapt to the new hardware? Can I at least recover the CD Key because I can't seem to find it anywhere.

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I think my organization is going to switch to a client/server system from out peer-to-peer system. My question can I transfer all of the users to the newly created domain on the server? If I create new users, wont all of their current personal settings on the servers be lost when they authenticate with the domain controller? What is the easiest way to transition to a domain system. Thank you for your time.

Answer:Help setting up Windows Small Biz Server 2003 questions...

If they have local accounts, they can be changed to roaming profiles.

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Ok, I have a few questions.

I have a tablet with Windows XP and a desktop with Windows XP running vmware with numerous different operating systems including Windows 2000 and Windows XP. Also on my network is a desktop/server running Windows 2003 Enterprise Server.

I want to be able to understand active desktop and running a server in general so this is why I am doing this.

First of all, I have a domain say it is I want to be able to run my webserver and an email server (not sure what though, imap, pop3...?) for right now I am using dynamic dns from to update my ip when it changes and run the dns pointing towards my computer since i have a dynamic ip which is working just fine. I can't figure out how to setup my server to take care of the e-mail so that would be greatly appreciated it anyone could lead me in the right direction on that one.

Another question I had, the most important one, is right now my server 2003 domain is trevor.local Is this the correct format or does it need to be like my online domain

Also, if I have a subdomain how do i associate that with an ftp login account so that i can use the address instead of having to type in (more just wondering and is not really important)

Now on to why I gave you the details about my different computers/operating systems. For my companies computing department I work for they use active directo... Read more

Answer:Windows Server 2003/Active Directory Questions

anyone, any advice on any of this?

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Hi guys,

I am planning to build a Download rig using some old parts.


Processor: Intel Celeron 1.1Ghz Socket 370 SL5ZE
Motherboard: 810E unbranded mobo
Memory: 2x256MB SD RAM
Graphics Card: nVidia FX5200 128MB PCI
HDD: 40GB HDD or CF to IDE SSD & 500GB for Storage
OS: Windows 7 Home Basic x86

My queries are:

How much memory does Windows 7 Home Basic use & how much will I have free for other apps?

I have also tried Windows Thin PC on my Netbook.
When will ThinPC be released?

Thanks & regards,

Answer:Windows 7 Home Basic Questions

Windows 7 Home Basic uses about 300MB of RAM. There is currently no release date for Windows Thin PC.

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Hi, I'm new to the forums, and I've got a few questions. Sorry, I don't feel like reading all the previous posts to find an answer because that will take me weeks. I need some quick answers, and I would really appreciate any help.

My computer crashed, and I need to reinstall Windows XP. I've had problems the last few months (this is the 3rd time I've done this...well I had someone do it the first time, and I did it the second time). Anyway, I think that I need to completely wipe clean the computer and start fresh. I've looked at this program called Wipe Drive:

I thought that I could do this and then reinstall Windows. However, I'm good with computers, but I'm really not that knowledgable about them. Will I be able to do this (as far as reformatting drives and everything)? Is this a good program to do this?

After I do this, do I simply reinstall from the Windows XP disc? I have read about installing something from a Windows 98 disc (to get Dos working?) this something I need to do?

Sorry guys, I'm clueless, but I really need help to get this done. If anyone could point me in the right direction, I would really appreciate it. Thanks!

Answer:Questions about reinstalling Windows XP Home

You have the full install of XP? Your bios is set to boot the cd rom first?
If so............

Make sure you have the necessary drivers for your hardware. Once you do that all you do insert the xp cd & bootup.

Follow the screen & delete the partition/hard drive. You will lose all information so backup any docs or files you want to keep.

Once deleted then select to install XP & away you go. 98 is not needed.

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Hi there,

I tried calling MS sales about this one, but they were no help.

I wanted to know if Windows 7 Home Premium has the same or similar file sharing security features as Windows XP Pro which allowed you to give individual permissions of Read and Write to the PC admin user and to everyone else on the network (Permissions, Security, etc...)

Also, does Home Premium come with Remote Desktop?
Thank you

Answer:Questions regarding Windows 7 Home Premium

Home premium does have remote desktop connection, as for the permissions yes you can. As for the how I am unsure as I am still finding my way around

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Hey guys..

I'm going to buy myself the Windows XP Home edition, the full version..

Couple of questions though..

#1. What is the difference between OEM and regular?

#2. Where can I find this at the cheapest price?

#3. This is step 1 for me in totally rebuilding my comp.... If I install it on my current comp, will I be able to install it on a different comp at a future time?

(Sounds kind of weird, but I'll be upgrading my computer part-by-part, as I have the $$ for each part.. but will install each new part onto my current comp as I get it)

(Planning on first getting XP, then RAM, then Vid Card, then Processor, then Motherboard, then finally Case and PSU)

So just want to make sure that if I buy it and install it on my current comp, I'll be able to put it onto my comp when it's done being upgraded.... assuming I'll have to format for certain part upgrades.

Thanks guys.

Answer:Buying Windows XP Home.. have a few questions.

1. There is no software difference between OEM and Retail versions if you buy the OEM version from New Egg or any standard mail-order house. If you pick one up at a flea market or computer show, it might be a customized version meant for Dell, Compaq, or one of the major manufacturers. With the OEM version, you don't get the pretty box, the detailed owner's manual, or any factory tech support.

2. As far as prices, New Egg is always good, or use Major Geeks shopping site. I've gotten some great deals that way.

3. Windows Activation makes upgrading and moving the operation more of a problem than older versions. MS's position is that you can NOT move it to a different machine, although you can upgrade it piece by piece. After 5 key components have been changed you'll have to re-activate it. Eventually, if you change enough parts, it will fail to re-activate, and you'll have to call an 800 number and activate it manually with MS. I've had to do that several times. If you can afford to wait, I'd install XP after you upgrade your main system components, to put off the manual activation headaches.

You'll need to reformat when you change the motherboard. That would be a convenient time to install XP.

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I have 3 questions for anyone qualified enough that can help me:
1. What is a Hijack file??
2. Where can i find it on my computer?
3. I have XP Home and i want to clear some processes running in my Windows Task Manager window. Isn't that what the hijack file is all about?? and what things can i delete off of the list??

Thanks for ANY help you can give me. This has been a long time question i've never sat down to ask anyone until now.

Mobo i noticed you helped someone with that...can you help me?? (anyone is welcomed to help tho )

Answer:help help, i have 3 questions about Windows XP Home version

HiJackThis is a program that you can download and use to detect spyware and browser hijack issues. You can get it here.

Follow the instructions on there site for using it. Just post the log. Dont fix anything yet.

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I recently decided to play with the Server OS's again, I have been mostly using XP Pro for these functions, since its a local server, and mostly just used for file sharing, and as a download box (anti virus updates, etc).

Should I look into Windows Home Server or Windows Server 2008.

I have access to both OS's, just need to choose one.

Also will my legacy Windows XP Apps, work on either one? Thanks.

Answer:Windows Home Server or Windows 2008 Server

Same situation here. I decided to go with Server 2k3. HS is based on SMS and I absolutely hate the concept. 2k3 is blazing fast and easy to config for most uses.

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I was just browsing a famous torrent site and found that "Microsoft Windows Server 2008 R2 Build 7268 (64-Bit) VHD-File" has been leaked and is ready for download on this torrent site.

the detail is as under:

SIZE: 6,851,044,864 byte
CRC: 77301FAE
SHA1: 3AE56246B66B8EE28A65184D47E2326BDEE089E2
MD5: 29487313263A61B0DD2CBAB3DC4237DE
the file is in winrar format and the name is '7268.0.amd64fre.win7_rtm.090701-1900.server_en-us.serverenterprise.vhd.wzt"

the Uploader is some "Kflash" who has claimed that this build is gonna be final RTM build. lets listen direct from horses mouth, "I hope you enjoy this folks for this can be the final RTM for the Windows 2008 R2 Server family!!"

Answer:Windows Server 2008 R2 Build 7268(64-Bit) VHD leaked

Very nice. Now I just need to dust off my "converting VHD to something I can use" skills.

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Microsoft is yet to release a newer build of Windows Server 10 for Windows Insiders, as the company is working on a number of different things for it's release. Still, that hasn't stopped build 9926 of the Windows 10 Server Technical Preview to leak out onto the internet!

Not much is known about this release, however the leak does come from WZOR. Considering it wasn't released to the public we assume this build is not stable enough and doesn't include a complete set of new features. As per all leaks, WinBeta will not be linking directly to the download.

We ask our readers to also not link straight to the download, as these leaks can never be guaranteed safe. If you must try this leak out, a quick Google search will probably help you out.

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Ok first off thanks for taking the time to read this and (hopefully) help!
This new computer build has been a nightmare so far. The components were all installed without any issues and it booted fine the first time.
I originally installed XP (see below) and am now running Windows 7 Home Premium. I have not activated it yet as I have had to reinstall several times. All programs/drivers are up to date on windows update and I believe I had visited all the manufacturer's websites for updated drivers.
Basically my pc BSOD's randomly. I can't point to anything specific. Once it was when I was uploading a picture to imageshack. Then it reboots (the BSOD is barely flashed so I can't read it), and if I try to reload normally, 99% of the time it gets to the part where the colors are coming together on the splash screen, just at the part where the upper left red color appears, and it pauses and another BSOD flash and a reboot. So sometimes I can go into safe mode, other times safe mode doesn't work. But basically, i just keep hitting "restart windows normally" and eventually I can get back in. On average this is 3 reboots, however sometimes 1 or 2 and up to 6 or 7. Windows error reporting does not offer info. The computer is connected to my television via HDMI but the health report was run while it was connected to my monitor (if that makes a difference). One thing I notice sometimes is that the HDD LED is usually lit for a while before the pc freezes, even if not... Read more

Answer:BSOD on new build with Windows 7 x64 Home

Hi -

There is OS corruption occuring most likely caused by hardware failure.

This is a driver list from one of your BSOD dumps - perfectly normal -


ASACPI.sys Wed Jul 15 23:31:29 2009 (4A5E9F11)
avgldx64.sys Mon Sep 06 20:49:29 2010 (4C858C19)
AsIO.sys Thu Apr 22 07:18:03 2010 (4BD0306B)
atikmpag.sys Tue Sep 28 21:14:49 2010 (4CA29309)
atikmdag.sys Tue Sep 28 21:41:26 2010 (4CA29946)
Here is a portion from another BSOD dump. "Unknown_Module" tells us that RAM or hardware failure affecting RAM's ability to hold kernel code properly is an issue -


Unknown_Module_fffff800`039e0000 Mon Jul 13 21:27:36 2009 (4A5BDF08)
Unknown_Module_fffff880`00c00000 Mon Jul 13 19:19:59 2009 (4A5BC11F)
Unknown_Module_fffff880`00c5d000 Mon Jul 13 21:29:09 2009 (4A5BDF65)
Unknown_Module_fffff880`00c6a000 Mon Jul 13 21:32:23 2009 (4A5BE027)
Unknown_Module_fffff880`00c7e000 Mon Jul 13 19:19:57 2009 (4A5BC11D)
Unknown_Module_fffff880`00cdc000 Mon Jul 13 21:32:13 2009 (4A5BE01D)

From the Event Viewer log - an apparent problem with CPU. 1,069 of these events recorded in < 4 days since WIndows 7 x64 installed -


Log Name: System
Source: Microsoft-Windows-WHEA-Logger
Date: 2010-11-13T08:07:32.689
A corrected hardware error has occurred.

Reported by component: Processor Core
Error Source: Corrected Machine Check
Error Type: Cache Hierarchy Error
Processor ID: 2
Is ALL of the hardware... Read more

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After Finishing The Build i tried loading windows 7 from OEM Disc, Everything seemed to go OK til it restarted then i got " Windows Failed to start Dialogue
File : \windows\system 32\ntoskrnl.exe
Status: 0xc0000221
Info : windows failed to load because the Kernel is missing or corupt.
How Do i resolve this, anybody had this problem?

Answer:New Build Windows 7 Home Premium 64 bit

Hello Cmoprint, welcome to Seven Forums!

That seems to be an XP error, has XP been on the Hard Disk Drive before or are you trying the OEM disk from XP for the install, or are you booting the Windows 7 installation DVD using the PC BIOS?

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Could someone please help me? I need to get a server to run NT SQL. I will have 4 workstations running Windows 98. I don't know what type of hardware to get for my server. Do I need a lot of RAM? A really fast CPU? A huge hard drive? Will my server need anything more that an ordinary beefed up computer already has? Please help me!

Answer:{Advice Offered} - Windows NT SQL server hardware recommendation?

Need to know more before that can be answered.

How much data do you plan on storing? That will determine your hard drive size.

How big are the databases programs going to be? That will help with the RAM. Of course, with and MS product, more RAM is always a good thing.

CPU speed... well, I would go with something decent. With only 4 users I doubt you'll need an 800MHz or anything. Of course, I don't know how much data you are planning to have this maching process - so even 1 user could need a really fast CPU.

Get free stuff and help out a poor computer tech
(4/29 free $5 added - free computer headset ends 4/30!):

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It's possible to make a hardware independent image from
Windows 2003 Server?
When Yes give me some information how to make it?
When Not tell me to what extent is it possible to
create a hardware independent image of a Windows 2003 server?

should I use 3rd party software for this...e.g. from PowerQuest?


Answer:Hardware independent images with Windows 2003 server??

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can i install windows 2000 advance server on a p4 pc.If yes than what more will b required to add in it.any link guiding how to install windows 2000 serverstep by step. what configuration i will b needed for?


You'll find all the answers to your questions by Googling for them.W2k minimum requirements: W2k...

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I'm getting the following error with I click on the ADD HARDWARE wizard from the control panel.

Cannot Run Two Device Installations

Another device installation is underway, when it is finished you can try this wizard again.

I was in the process of adding a USB 2.O mass storage device. XP will not recognize the new hardware.

Answer:Windows XP Home Ed - Add Hardware Error

Sounds like one hadn't quite finished an you started the second so perhaps a reboot then retry..

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I just installed the Win 10 Home 64 Bit Insider Preview Build 10130 about a week ago and had issues with it not allowing any updates other than for some of my hardware drivers and MS Defender updates (I am aware of the KBXXXXX patch to address that, however didn't use it). I joined the insider program sometime ago, so this isn't an issue with anything so far.

In addition to unable to obtain updates, I could not get the 'Slow/Fast' preview build retrieval option to stay in the 'Fast' always reverts to Slow when I go back to another part of the Settings applet. It's been about 10 hours now and it's still in 'Slow' mode. Within that control panel it shows that I am setup to receive Insider Builds with the ability to Stop by pressing the button below that. I also allowed MS to 'try features on this build' just below that.

Now for some reason I decided (just for kicks) to try and 'upgrade' to the Windows 10 Pro Insider Preview edition build number 10147 just today via changing the activation key with the ones provided for Pro version. Amazingly it downloaded several files, restarted and loaded just fine. The version shows Evaluation copy Build 10147 on the screen in the lower left.

Now I still have the issue of the 'Slow/Fast' staying in Slow mode despite changing it a number of times to fast. I have the 'Defer Upgrades' unchecked.

So I guess I am wondering if anyone has the same issue and if anyone has any Windows updates they have been able to download ... Read more

Answer:IP build 10130 Home to 10147 Pro w/new key - Slow/Fast Build issues

Quite a few folks experienced the same issue w/10147. Some say that if you did an update to 10130 w/10147 but then went back and did a clean install the fast/slow issue went away. I didn't bother trying, I just went back to 10130.

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Hello, all!

I am spending the next 9-10 months at a low-budget Mission School outside the US. Still trying to get used to the super slow internet here...

Anyway, the computer teacher last year didn't know much about computers, so the network was in a shambles when I arrived. So, I am currently in the process of trying to overhaul it... It has been set up like a workgroup, all individual computers with two user accounts (student and administrator). There have already been students who have deleted other students' files, so this has to change in the next week or so.

Anyway, I have never dealt with anything newer than Windows Server 2008 R2, and even my experience with that and Windows Server 2003 was relegated to maintaining user lists, and just browsing through the menus to see what all it could do (rather than dealing with the purchasing of, or installing of, the OSs).

So, on to my questions... I have been reading about the differences between Windows Server 2012 and Windows Server 2008 R2, and I am leaning toward trying to obtain Windows Server 2012 (that and the fact that it may be harder to get 2008 R2 anyway). However, I am a bit confused about licensing...

First off, let me start out with what I have in mind: Since we don't have any servers that were initially designed to be used as servers (just a regular computer that had Untangle installed on it (switched to pfSense due to cost of required features)), I would like to have a backup server ready to s... Read more

Answer:Windows Server 2012 Licensing Questions - School Environment

Licensing is tricky, and it would be in your best interest to seek some professional assistance if you are not 100% comfortable with it (and I don't know anyone who is comfortable with Microsoft licensing!).

In regards to your architecture --
You should be able to get by with Server 2012 Standard. It will allow you to host two Windows Virtual Machines (you can host more, you would just need to license those VMs separately -- linux distributions would not be an additional license).

You can provide different levels of redundancy.

Server 2012 has can replicate a virtual machine to another Server 2012 machine. This is a great way to keep backups of your VMs. I would recommend looking into this if your budget allows for additional hardware. This will provide you hardware level redundancy -- if one server powers off, you just need to go to the other one and turn it on.

Server 2012 also features Clustering. This lets a machine "fail" between to different servers. The hardware needs to be identical (or very, very close) and it's much more in depth than Hyper-V replication. However, you can move VMs between hosts without downtime. And if one host fails, the VM will migrate to the other host automatically. There is a HUGE learning curve with this method, and it will requite shared storage (a third server or some sort of SAN).

You should also consider carefully where you are placing your data. I recommend putting it outside of your VM and keeping it out of t... Read more

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I'm getting this on one of my new laptops soon. I've gotten several for others for gifts. Anyway heres the questions.

1. Can I put this laptop on my current network with this os?

2. What are the limitations of this OS?

3. Should I update as soon as I get it setup?

4. Honestly, should I just revert back to windows xp?

5. Will all of my programs work fine?

6. Since I've heard this is mostly eye candy. Is there anyway to tweak the settings so it can perform better?


Answer:Windows Vista Home Premium questions

your only option "doc" up on it and form your own
Get Windows Vista

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First question is, where can I find this online? Surprisingly, I can't find it at Best Buy, Amazon, etc.

Second, I ran the installation compatibility check for an older computer. It says it failed because the graphics chip won't support Aero. But my understanding is Home Basic doesn't use Aero. So, can Home Basic still be installed on this computer, or will all versions simply fail to install? thanks

Answer:Windows 7 Home Basic install questions

Hello and welcome Jeff mate some system specs first would be really handy mate and I think you are far better off with Home Premium my friend the Starter for example is just that a "starter" pretty basic and I personally think Home Premium is the base level anyone should have.

Having said that anything is better than Vista - but the specs mate really important to what you should load / install.

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Hello! My Mothers computer needs to be wiped clean and windows xp home reinstalled. She has many issues regarding missing files, errors, collected junk and cant even access the help files or update correctly anymore. My thought is to do a clean install. I tried repairing but no dice. Mom has alot of family history info and some games, the usual for a barely used home computer, however the hard disk has c: with her current info and then E: (I think its e anyway) which was done by the computer store when she bought this computer a few years ago. They just copied all the stuff from her old computer to this partition. In any case, She is terrified that I will lose some of her "stuff" even thought most of it needs to be removed anyway.Can anyone tell me what is the best, easiest, safest, way to go about saving her data and programs.I guess a possibility is just networking it to my computer, saving it all on mine and then just dumping it back onto hers. Is that a possibility? I really need to spend the time to clean out all the crap that's just not pessary. Hmm...Thanks in advance for any help or advice! 

Answer:Questions re clean install of windows xp home

If the computer has problems, than an image might not be a good idea.The best course would be to get any storage device (like another computer or external hard drive) and copy all her important files (anything she wants to save) except any programs in Program File.If you copy Program File, you will not only be wasting time, but space as well because they will have to be reinstalled again.

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