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NRAM built using nanotubes offers DRAM-like speeds, unlimited endurance

Question: NRAM built using nanotubes offers DRAM-like speeds, unlimited endurance

One of the major knocks against NAND flash used in today's solid state drives is its endurance. Given enough writes, this type of memory will ultimately break down and become useless. That's apparently not the case with NRAM (non-volatile RAM),...

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Preferred Solution: NRAM built using nanotubes offers DRAM-like speeds, unlimited endurance

I recommend downloading and running Reimage. It's a computer repair tool that has been proven to identify and fix many Windows problems with a high level of success.

I've used it in the past to identify and fix everything from blue screens (BSOD's), ActiveX errors, corrupt files and processes, dll/exe/sys errors, recover lost memory, Windows update problems, defragging, malware removal etc.

You can download it direct from this link (This link will automatically start a download of Reimage that you can save to your computer.)

Answer: NRAM built using nanotubes offers DRAM-like speeds, unlimited endurance

Why make a product that doesn't wear out? Not only will it not be replaced with a newer one but the manufacturer will have to offer unheard of warranties. A very noble concept but not a sustainable business model.

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Throwing all caution to the wind, Amazon has launched a new cloud storage plan in which users can store an unlimited number of files using its Cloud Drive service for just $59.99 per year. If you're after the absolute cheapest...

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Answer:Amazon Cloud Drive now offers unlimited storage for $60/year

I love the idea of cloud storage for some things. Here in Maine it is useless. The time it takes to upload anything is abysmal at best. (180k up 50k down) With such a useless connection, cloud storage is not a useful option.

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In addition to Android M, Google unveiled another brand new product during its I/O conference. Google Photos was designed with three big ideas in mind: to provide a home for your photos that's available from any device, to help you...

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Answer:Google Photos offers unlimited, free photo and video storage plus much more

I can't stand these auto photo backup apps, I never use them. They never let you choose what pics or videos you would like it to backup, instead it backs up everything and then you have to go into later and delete all the garbage you don't want.
I'll back up my photos and videos myself, I'm not interested in sharing them with all of FB or the rest of the world. Not being a social media person at all I'll share my photos & video with who I want, when I want, how I want.

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Ok so I just built a pc recently here are the specs:

Windows 7 x64
ASUS SABERTOOTH Z77 LGA 1155 Intel Z77 HDMI SATA 6Gb/s USB 3.0 ATX Intel Motherboar
Intel Core i5-3570K Ivy Bridge 3.4GHz (3.8GHz Turbo) LGA 1155 77W Quad-Core Desktop Processor Intel HD Graphics 4000 BX80637I53570K
EVGA 015-P3-1480-KR GeForce GTX 480 (Fermi) 1536MB 384-bit GDDR5 PCI Express 2.0 x16 HDCP Ready SLI Support Video Card
CORSAIR Professional Series HX750 (CMPSU-750HX) 750W ATX12V 2.3 / EPS12V 2.91 SLI Ready CrossFire Ready 80 PLUS SILVER Certified Modular Active PFC Power Supply
Western Digital Caviar Black WD1002FAEX 1TB 7200 RPM 64MB Cache SATA 6.0Gb/s 3.5" Internal Hard Drive -Bare Drive
NZXT Phantom PHAN-001RD Red Steel / Plastic Enthusiast ATX Full Tower Computer Case
CORSAIR Vengeance 8GB (2 x 4GB) 240-Pin DDR3 SDRAM DDR3 1866 (PC3 15000) Desktop Memory Model CMZ8GX3M2A1866C9R
ASUS Black 12X BD-ROM 16X DVD-ROM 48X CD-ROM SATA Internal Blu-ray Drive Model BC-12B1ST/BLK/B/AS - OEM $

So I noticed the cpu was hitting around 75 degrees C under load with the turbo turned on running at 3.8 ghz. So I turned off the turbo and now according to CPU-z the cpu is running at 1.6 ghz even though the only things I did were turning off the turbo. Also according to my temperature utility the cpu is at 1 degree C, so not sure whats happening there. So how do I increase the speed? I notice the dram speed is only 1333 when its rated for 1866 so I manually set it to 1866. I was reading online about... Read more

Answer:Processor and DRAM speeds help

What temperature utility are you using? Clearly 1C is wrong.

You need to check your CPU speed when it's under load, downclocking when idle is a power saving feature of all Intel and AMD CPUs.

When reading about the FSB to RAM ratio stuff make sure you ONLY read the Sandy Bridge/Ivy Bridge articles because previous Intel generations work differently. For your IB CPU the FSB speed is pretty much set to 100Mhz so you need a ratio of 18 to get to 1800Mhz on the RAM.

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Remark:   I normally don't mention BETA programs... but this development is highly interesting.   IF you decide you want to try this (or any other) BETA program, realize you are proceeding at your own risk.

According to ZDNet, the beta version of Opera 50 is the first major browser to offer a built-in mechanism that blocks cryptojacking, a new form of malware that leverages the victim’s computer to mine cryptocurrency without permission.
The new antimining tool, called NoCoin, is part of the ad blocker function in Opera. It is disabled by default but can be enabled through the Settings or Preferences page. According to an Opera blog post, the tool blocks cryptocurrency mining scripts just as an ad blocker would disable banner ads and pop-ups.
Without a tool such as NoCoin, a cryptocurrency miner might go undetected until the central processing unit (CPU) usage dramatically increased for no obvious reason, preventing the victim from executing his or her own programs.

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 This may be a stupid question.  Under linux there appears to be a conflict between virtualization acceleration (VT-x/AMD-v and nested paging) and discrete graphics.   This didn't bother me too much as I can just change the bios settings depending on what I am doing.  It is easy and the machine boots fast enough that I can work with that.  (I don't need virtualization that much of the time). But it occured to me that the bios settings can only be changed a finite number of times.  Does that mean that changing the bios settings frequently (e.g. once every few days or once a week) will eventually create a problem?  Or is the finite number of writes so large that this is something that wouldn't happen in practice. Thanks, -Timothy 

Answer:bios eeprom endurance

I doubt you'll have an issue. You can write to it well over 100k times.

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Kingston HyperX 3K 240BGB
Obviously, the limited sample size precludes drawing definitive conclusions about the durability and reliability of the individual drives. The second HyperX's against-all-odds campaign past 2PB demonstrates that some SSDs are simply tougher than others. The important takeaway is that all of the drives wrote hundreds of terabytes without any problems. Their collective endurance is a meaningful result.

Samsung 840 Pro 256GB
The SSD Endurance Experiment represents the longest test TR has ever conducted. It's been a lot of work, but the results have also been gratifying. Over the past 18 months, we've watched modern SSDs easily write far more data than most consumers will ever need. Errors didn't strike the Samsung 840 Series until after 300TB of writes, and it took over 700TB to induce the first failures. The fact that the 840 Pro exceeded 2.4PB is nothing short of amazing, even if that achievement is also kind of academic.

source by Geoff Gasior ? 10:22 AM on March 12, 2015

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How long does your X200t stay alive on battery? (e.g. X-hours / Y-cell)Thanks

Answer:Endurance of X200t in real life

Anywhere from 5-8 hours with 8-cell.

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I need to run a battery endurance test on my Windows 10 Mobile. Is there a in built mechanism in the phone or should I connect to a PC to run the test. If there are multiple ways kindly list them. I own a Lumia 830.

Answer:Hey guys, How do I run a battery endurance test on my Windows 10 Mobile?

There is no definitive battery endurance test.
You could try to keep track of your usage throughout the day and compare to say, GSMArena's battery tests to see what comes through.

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This type of NVMe SSD is shipped in laptops from the Precision line (an possibly others). I could find basic technical details directly from Hynix (link below) and its code name HFS001TD8MND-5510A. However, no information about its endurance rating. Could Dell disclose these values? (at least for the 512GB and 1TB models)

"Client SSD PC300(PCIe NVMe)" table from next link

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After three complex tests and six months of work between January and June 2013, the laboratory experts at AV-TEST have now achieved their objective: The first part of the company?s endurance test is complete and many of the test candidates performed extremely well; many, but not all.


Answer:The Best Internet Security Suites for Windows Complete an Endurance Test Lasting 6

Thanks info!
When Emsisoft launches it's 'suite' in the near future I hope to see it tested.

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You trust your installed security solution: when its alarm goes off, your system is at risk ? or was it a false alarm after all? Whether it is for private users or in companies ? false positives should not occur. In a 14-month endurance test, AV-TEST evaluated which protection solutions are prone to upset the user for no reason, and which ones are totally reliable.

More details - Endurance Test: Do security packages constantly generate false alarms?

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The following error occurs when trying to boot any Thinkpad Edge model 0301-26u using a network PXE server:  proxyDHCP offers were received. No DHCP offers were received.  Details of the problem are as follows: 1.) This same error occurs on both 3Com (Ghost default) and Acronis PXE servers.2.) The 3Com PXE server has been used extensively with many makes and models and has worked for us without issue until this model.3.) The 3Com server shows a log of the machine connecting however the machine never makes it to downloading anything via TFTP.4.) The Thinkpad's have been updated to the latest BIOS.5.) The client machine, PXE server and DHCP server are all on the same switch with no routing required.6.) The DHCP scope is not full.7.) The PXE-E52 error occurs very quickly. My hunch is this may be an issue with the boot rom on network card.  Anyone successfully booted this model via PXE? 

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Recently in the past few days my load speed for webpages has been sporadically terrible. Sometimes it will be fine, but other times it will take absolutely ages to load the page and then sometimes not even load it at all, and not load pictures, etc, as well as online streaming, which has always been fine for me and something I used to do often with no lag, has been lagging and buffering nonstop.

But meanwhile, even when the load speeds and stream speeds are horrible, my ping and general internet performance outside of browser-based things seems to be fine. I can see constant ping on one program and it has always reacted when my internet is poor, spiking high or just generally showing high numbers, but it always stays low, and I can see just based on reaction speed on internet programs as well as experience no lag whatsoever on online games that the internet speed seems to be fine outside of browser-based activities. I have tried different browsers, and this problem persists on my laptop as well as my new and fairly decent PC so I don't think it is a computer problem.

I've even tried booting into safe mode with networking and loading pages and when it is bad it remains bad even in safe mode, failing to load even pictures on some websites.

So I can't understand why the internet would be so poor sometimes when surfing the internet and yet at the same times that it is poor it is fine elsewhere. I can play an online game and not lag whatsoever while loading a we... Read more

Answer:Very poor webpage load speeds and online streaming speeds, but elsewhere fine?

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My computer has extremely slow download speeds, upload speeds are fine. Ping is always at ~10-20ms. (to Google) The problem has nothing to do with, my ISP, my router, my type of connection. I know this for a fact.

I've tried multiple network adapters. USB WiFi, integrated WiFi, connecting through another PC via ethernet, they all give the same result.

I'm guessing this is a problem with some software on the PC itself, as it seems to not be a hardware problem.

All other devices on the network have perfectly fine speeds, including Ethernet and WiFi connected devices.
I also cannot connect this PC to Ethernet, would take hours.

Any ideas on how to fix this?

Any and all help is greatly appreciated, thank you.

Answer:Slow download speeds, Fast upload speeds. Other devices are fine.

In device manager check the status of devices under Network Adapters

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Hi there, i was wondering if you could help me this problem i've been having for the past 3 days now. I recently downgraded from Vista to XP, and ever since then i've had download speeds of 5kb/s or less. Before now, i couldn't get onto anywebsites because it would time out, things like would take about 5 minutes to open properly. I did notice that when i was asked which partition to install XP on there was 2 sub partitions on the C drive for some reason. Anyway long story short, i managed to fix it by using the format option from booting the pc with the vista installation disk, then put xp in etc.
So, browsing speeds are normal for me, but i can't get on my online games because it just times out due to the slow download speeds, and anything large in size takes extremely long to download even with internet download manager, I've been waiting 10+ minutes for windows live messenger to finish downloading and installing and it still hasn't done so.
If you could have a look at my hijack this log and let me know what you see wrong it'd be much appreciated thanks.
Not sure if this is to do with a virus, ran AVG, Malawarebytes etc and they haven't picked anything up.
Logfile of Trend Micro HijackThis v2.0.2
Scan saved at 8:30:26 AM, on 8/18/2009
Platform: Windows XP SP2 (WinNT 5.01.2600)
MSIE: Internet Explorer v6.00 SP2 (6.00.2900.2180)
Boot mode: Normal
Running processes:
C:\WINDOWS\system32\csrss.... Read more

Answer:Browsing speeds are fine, download and upload speeds are very slow.

Doing a Panda Security Activescan right now, telling me at 25% it's already found over 100 infections.

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I cant seem to host a good server on my xbox. I remember at my old house I could hold a 16 man server, but here max would be 8? Its annoying.
So today I did a dslreports test, and it said I had almost "Dude" Download speeds which means good I believe, then I checked my Up speed and it was horrible?

2005-08-03 00:12:06 EST: 4541 / 322
Your download speed : 4650156 bps, or 4541 kbps.
A 567.6 KB/sec transfer rate.
Your upload speed : 330255 bps, or 322 kbps.

So Im trying to figure whats the problem? My router? or could my ISP have capped me? or is capped? Something?
I have no idea, help?

Answer:Slow upload speeds, but fast DownLoad speeds? Capped?

This is typical for most home users. The ISPs don't wish for you to host your own servers, unless you pay for a higher premium, then you can have nice upload speeds.

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My new HP laptop 15-ac114nx [Intel Core i3 @ 2.00GHz, 4GB RAM, 1TB HDD] running Windows 10 64 bit has a serious wifi problem. Ever since I have bought the laptop Wifi internet speeds seem to be comparitively very slow on battery than when plugged in. I have a 20 Mbps connection which provides a reasonable browsing and download speed on all my other devices. The issue with this laptop is that when running on battery and connected using wifi even opening a webpage such as facebook or youtube takes an awfully lot of time lets say like 5 to 10 seconds and sometimes much more, whereas if I do the same with the power cord plugged in, the web pages appear as soon as I click their links(i.e. Vey Fast/Instantaneously).  To add further clarity to the situation I tested the download speed of a particular file while running on battery and with the cord plugged in. I started the download of a file [Java Development Kit ~ 160MB] using chrome with the cord plugged in and navigated to the chrome downloads page to monitor the download progress. The download speed was about 1000-1200 Kbps. Midway through the download I removed the power cord. Immediately the speeds dropped down to 20-30Kbps and sometimes even much lower.  After approximately 10 seconds I plugged the cord back in and wow the download speed went back up to approx a 1000 Kbps. After sometime I removed the cord again and as a result the speed dropped down again. Plugged the cord again and it rose back up. NOw this c... Read more

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Question: Det Dram

when i try to start my pc i get Det Dram error no matter what i do i get this, Unless i remove the cmos Battery then it will boot to bios or windows and all is well, but when i restart same thing..det dram? it seems i have to remove the battery everytime! so can''t change bios setting and have to reset clock and date every time...why is this Happening?
Crosshair ii
AMD Phenom II X4 955 BE 3.2GHz
9500 gtx 1gb
2gb ram 800mhz

Answer:Det Dram

This is related to the other thread:
I'll close this one as it's considered a duplicate thread.

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Question: Dram

Just out of curiousity, does anyone know that DRAM still exists and where someone can pick up some? Is it the same as SDRAM?

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I recently bought a 1gb set (2x512) of ram, and I wanted to know how the proper way to install them into my mother board so that i can get the most out of my dual channel option.

My motherboard is:

The RAM I bought is:

Which DIMM slots should i have the two sticks in? I have them in the 1st and 3rd slots right now. However, unless i manually change it, my computer reads the sticks as DDR-333, when they are actually DDR-400. Any ideas?

Answer:Need some DRAM help!

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Question: R-DRAM or DDR??

Which works better/faster with Intel P4, R-DRAM or DDR memory? Right now I have a 1.3 GHz P4 with 640 R-DRAM, but have been considering upgrading the processor and switching over to DDR. Also, wat is the difference between the different types of DDR?

Thanks in advance.

Answer:R-DRAM or DDR??

RDRAM is faster than DDR-SDRAM but DDR is pretty close and more affordable. If you want to switch, I believe you'd have to change your motherboard as well. That can start to get expensive.

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I am running a dsl Westell Wirespeed through Southwestern Bell Telephone in Houston, TX. My internet surfing speed is in upper range of speed, but when I try to download anything it is so slow it usually times out. I am using Win98 on an AMD 1.13gig Athlon. I tried to remove IE6.0 and was unable to do so. I would reinstall IE6.0, but to download the program is impossible at this slow speed. I hooked up a dialup in another machine and at 28.8, it runs rings around the download on this machine. Have also recently been unable to even download MSN game software.

Answer:IE6.0 & SP1 slooooow download speeds Able to surf net at fast speeds on DSL otherwise

Sounds like an ISP problem. Have you contaced your provider?

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Hey, I'm having really slow speeds surfing the internet, watching videos on sites like youtube, and downloading files. So i went to and found that my download speeds are only 1.3 mbps!! my upload is fine, around 5 mbps. I dunno what the issue could be! I am wirelessly connected to the router, but the signal strength is fine. Attatched is a screenshot from xirrus.

Answer:Slow Download Speeds, Upload Speeds fine

And your download speed with an ethernet connection to the router? Directly to the modem? What speed are you supposed to be getting?

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Question: DRAM Memory

Guys can anyone post a pic of what just plain dram looks like? I am confused is it a chip on the mobo, or is it like a dimm chip?:rolleyes:

I feel like a nincompoop asking this question...


Answer:DRAM Memory

DRAM refers to a memory type, the working principle of storing bits, not a specific piece of hardware. So something similar to this should be the most illustrative image..

But if you fancy some pics of different DRAM modules,
just look at any common memory module that is not ROM, CPU cache, flash or some other less common technology..

Try looking for "dram"/"sdram"/"ddram"/"rdram"/"dimm"/"edo" or whatever in google image search.

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Question: Dram Speed

I Am Using A 256mb P.c 2100 And A 512mb P.c 3200 Ram.what Should Be My Dram Speed. 133mhz 0r 166mhz.
My F.s.b Speed Is 133mhz

Answer:Dram Speed

You should never ever mix different speeds of ram unless you really want windows to be unstable and possibly damage your mobo.

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Question: DRAM Clock

I noticed that i was only able to use 8gb instead of my installed 16gb. I looked around into my bios but realized that my dram clock wasn't right (2133mhz) but when i tried to set it up to the advertised value (3200mhz) and restart my computer the power fluctuates and it ends up rebooting saying that the "overclocking" has failed.

Corsair Vengeance LPX 16GB (2x8GB) DDR4 DRAM 3200MHz.
Asus - STRIX B350-F GAMING ATX AM4 Motherboard
EVGA - SuperNOVA G2 550W 80+ Gold Certified Fully-Modular ATX Power Supply

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Question: DRAM Problem?

I am having an issue w/my DRAM? I think.....The comp is fairly new and a custom build. We had a new ethernet (old one went bad) card and more RAM installed about 2 months ago. Since that time the comp no longer shuts down fully. It will allow you to try and shut it down but 2 secs or less after it is done shutting down it will automatically reboot. I have to disconnect power to prevent this. Also when booting after having been shut down (power disconnected) it will come up w/the error message "DRAM is wound too tightly". HUH? Recently it also starting going to a blue screen that says something along the lines of .....Windows was prevented from starting due to a hardware issue and to prevent damage to windows. Please start the comp in safe mode to correct this problem. I have spent several days here and many many days trying every combination of help the internet has to offer and have yet (other than a definition of DRAM) to find anything that resembles an answer to this problem.Please Please if you have any kind of solution I am willing to try anything right about now! I have reloaded windows completley, ran several virus programs and also spyware programs. Nothings shows on either. I have the firewall that comes in windows XP and am on cable modem using a router. System info is as follows:Processor: Intel Pentium 4 2.4 ghzMemory: 4 slots..2 used for 512 MB eachMoBO: Micro-Star 2.00OS: Windows XP HomeLet me know if you need more info please!!Kate

Answer:DRAM Problem?

*sigh* feeling kinda dumb shoulda done this before ..Sorry! Here is the system info as I should have listed it:OS Name      Microsoft Windows XP Home EditionVersion      5.1.2600 Service Pack 2 Build 2600OS Manufacturer      Microsoft CorporationSystem Name      KATESystem Manufacturer      MICRO-STAR INC.System Model      MS-6728System Type      X86-based PCProcessor      x86 Family 15 Model 3 Stepping 4 GenuineIntel ~2400 MhzBIOS Version/Date      American Megatrends Inc. V3.9, 9/16/2004SMBIOS Version      2.3Windows Directory      C:\WINDOWSSystem Directory      C:\WINDOWS\system32Boot Device      \Device\HarddiskVolume1Hardware Abstraction Layer      Version = "5.1.2600.2180 (xpsp_sp2_rtm.040803-2158)"Total Physical Memory      1,024.00 MBAvailable Physical Memory      767.00 MBTotal Virtual Memory      2.00 GBAvailable Virtual Memory      1.96 GBPage File Space      2.40 GBPage File      C:\pagefile.sys

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Question: Dram /sdram

The memory I have found says it is DRAM but the motherboard says it accepts DDR3 And SDRAM, will DRAM work if the mother board accepts SDRAM.
Many thanks

Answer:Dram /sdram

Look for DDR3 as the SDRAM term is generic and can be any type of memory.

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I recently bought a msi z170a sli plus and some ballistic elite 16 gb ddr4 at 2666 mghz when I installed ram and everything else to boot the system the motherboard debugging light flashed for the CPU for less than half a second and then flashed dram for 3-4 seconds indicating that the ram isn't working. How do I fix it so I can boot into the bios

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Sorry if this topic is out of place, but I couldn't think of any other category it belonged to more.  I've lately been trying to learn how computers work and coming across RAM modules, I'm trying to figure out the point in the synchronized aspect of SDRAM and why it matters.I understand the functionality of Dynamic RAM, but not so much with synchronizing the RAM module to the computer.  What does this actually mean for performance and why is it important?  For reference sake, the following definitions afforded by this site are here:DRAM- know this isn't an entirely critical thing to know, but curiosity and a strong desire to know computers inside and out has got the best of me.  Any information would be much appreciated.

Answer:Why Synchronize DRAM?

I think you'll find it's fewer) wait states if sync'd with system clock..!!!

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Question: DRAM frequency

Hi guys i have some trouble with my laptop ram
i have a VAIO VGN-FE550G recently upgraded from 1GB RAM (2 slots of 512MB) to 2GB RAM (2 slots of 1GB each)
the point is that when i had the 1GB RAM i had a 533MHz of frequency and when upgrading i just get 333
the new RAM is a (not very sure about what model is just writing all the labels it has)
1GB 2Rx8 PC2-5300S-555-12EQ

as far as i know it is a 677MHz, my laptop specs says it only suports 533, but only geting 333, is there anything i can do to get at least 533MHz??

im attaching a zip file containing some specs generated with "piriform speccy"

i would really appreciate some help thax and sorry about the grammar, english its not my mother language.

Answer:DRAM frequency

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Question: DRAM error.

I have a self built pc at home. The motherboard is a gigabyte GA-8ANXP-D. I have 1GB of crucial Ballistic memory made up of 2 DDRII modules. The unit is about 1 year old. over the last 2 months the mother board has started to emmit a continuous error tone. It only happens probably once every 2 weeks. According to the Gigabyte manual it is a dram error. Diagnostic and system tools find no fault, even if run when the error tone is being emitted. There is also no change in performance. If I turn the computer off and come back to it later the fault is gone. The thing is the fault is not constant and not regular. Does a DRAM error only relate to the RAM put in the DIMM sockets ???

Answer:DRAM error.

Have you checked that your RAM is seated properly? If you have a spare memory slot try moving the modulesYou could also try running a memory test such as memtest86 click here and see if that shows anything up.

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I used to have an FSB:DRAM ratio of 1:1 when all components in my computer ran at 133MHz (Bus266). I since replaced my memory to DDR400 as i am upgrading in stages. My ratio is now 4:6. My Processor FSB is still 266 however my memory is running at 200MHz (DDR400) in Dual Channel mode.So, the ratios, any help please!

Answer:FSB:DRAM Ratio, what does it mean?

The clock ratio setting is correct. With an Athlon XP, the actual frequency for a 266MHz FSB is 133MHz (just like 200MHz for DDR400).133:200 = 4:6If you're not trying to overclock you can leave it at AUTO or By SPD (I don't know what the actual option is called in your BIOS).

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Question: DRAM question

I see that there are 2 types of SDRAM, 8 chips and 16 chips but both of them are 256M RAM.

Can anybody tell me what is the difference? I assume it's speed wise but the price is almost 2 twice!

Answer:DRAM question

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Question: dram too fast

Hi , I'm running A dual operating system on one hard drive Windows XP and Windows 98se. I use Windows 98se when I play a certain dos based game. When I play this game I'm getting the following message : " If you get an error that has the words granular limit error, it means your dram speed is too fast. You'll need to go into your CMOS and disable it" Can anyone tell me what this error means and If I do go into cmos and slow it down will it effect other programs?

Answer:dram too fast

Well you can slow down the ram on certain boards, but not all. You will have to look at the documentation for the motherboard to find out if it is possible. I would look for an updated game to work with your other os to solve this problem. It will be an extreme hassle other wise. You would have t change it to play the game and then change it back to run the other os unless you don't mind the performance loss.

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Question: FSB:DRAM question

My FSB: DRAM is at a 2:3 ratio right now. I've heard ram will perform better the closer you can get it to a 1:1 ratio. My computer is a dell and i know they can be pains to oc, especially with it's limited bios options. The FSB and memory bus frequency are linked, i'm assuming it's permanently stuck that way, damn dell. I was just wondering if there was a way to get my FSB: DRAM to a 1:1 ratio so i could get better performance out of my ram?

Answer:FSB:DRAM question

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I am setting up my bios for my new MSI board and I am a little confused about something. Boot for os/2 for dram 64mb [no] or I could make it yes.

what is it, and what do I do with it???

Thanks in advance!


Answer:boot os/2 for dram?

OS/2 is an ancient operating system that has serious issues with lots of RAM. Unless you are using this operating system, leave that setting to "no".

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Question: DRAM refresh

Hi All,

Having a few problems helping a friend insert another 1GB or matching ram inbto his current system.

The PC will not boot, and gives a short beep once, which i beleive is a DRAM refresh issue?

Current system specs:
Processor: AMD Athlon(tm) 64 Processor 3500+, MMX, 3DNow, ~2.2GHz
Memory: 1024MB RAM
NVIDIA GeForce 6800 GS 513MB in SLi
X-Fi Audio Fatality
MSI K8N SLi Mobo (NVIDIA nForce 4 SLi chipset based)
Hyper PSU 580w

Have tried to matching sticks of Corsair DDR400
Have also tried twin X corsair, but it will only accept 1gb on this board, there are 4 slots i have tried all the various combinations, but still no joy.

Is this a bios problem, can anybody please advise as to a solution for this problem, and thanks in advance for any replies.

Answer:DRAM refresh

Try this:

1. Insert the RAM firmly into the slot so that the locks click into place on their own
2. Clear BIOS by either shorting the pins as instructed in the motherboards manual, or by removing the CMOS battery for 30s and re-inserting
3. Restart your machine.

From what you have posted, I don't see any reason why you shouldn't be able to insert this RAM. Do not be alarmed by a single beep at boot. That's usually the sign that everything's OK.

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...Will that motherboard have the ability to support sdram?

Answer:motherboard that is currently using dram...

Tonglebeak said:

...Will that motherboard have the ability to support sdram?Click to expand...

Also, it's a Penttium 1 with MMX @ 200mhz

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Okay so I decided after many videos to do my own build ( parts here). I put all the components together but when i turned the pc on my cpu light came on. So i checked that and there was a bent pin not to bad i fixed it. However after that my dram light came on. Asus told me to buy a compatible memory which i did . Same problem, called the company again they said it might be the mobo. I sent that back in and i changed the power supply yet the problem is still there. Updated the bios, reset cmos same thing. I finally decided to hit the mem okay key, which well turns off the dram light but the vga light and boot device light turns on red. In the second build (when i got the new mobo) i didn't bother putting anything in the case and just had the bare minimums in. Not sure what else i can do. (link to view pictures of mobo/components)

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Question: DRAM question

I OC'd my q6600 to 3 Ghz by making FSB 333, and i made my 1066 ram(which was on 1:2 ratio by default) to 666 to make 1:1... and im just wondering if its gonna slow down the ram as it loads textures and stuff and cause more stuttering....

hmm just a thought... perhaps if i made my multiplier lower so i could set FSB closer to original ram frequency and then i could make my ram 1066 again and still maintain a 1:1 ratio???

sry im completely new to OCing cpu and am a bit overwhelmed.

Answer:DRAM question

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Question: DRAM error

Yesterday I booted my computer, only to be greeted with a blank screen and a series of continuous beeps. After looking in my manual it said that something may have come loose, so I took out my RAM and reseated it as well as my video card. The beeping continued.

Looking further into the manual into the beep codes, I found that I had a DRAM error. I have 2 memory sticks in dual-channel, so I took each stick and tried both of them in each socket individually.... more beeping, no matter what the configuration.

I have had the computer for several months and have never encountered this error. If you have any possible answers please tell me. I can't even access the BIOS, all I see is a blank screen and beeps.

Answer:DRAM error

did you try resetting the bios?, i know i got a dram error the other day cause i set the memory timings wrong by accident

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Question: DRAM voltage

Hi, Tmagic. Not sure why you requested a new thread on this comment, but ok...

I was reading your reply to yonick111 regarding his computer issues. He copied a lot of data from his system and you replied: "The minidumps suggest that the DRAM voltage might be a bit too low"

I'd be interested in learning, what in those minidumps indicated to you that the DRAM voltage might be too low?


Answer:DRAM voltage

Alright, you may think you have the same problem, but I don't... What are your system specs? Things like motherboard, memory and power supply make and model. If you are Running DDR3 memory, the DRAM voltage should be around 1.52 volts. Do you have any minidumps to post, and exactly what is YOUR problem?

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I just cant figure this one out.I have verizon fios and am suposed to get 15 mpbs download and 5 mbps upload speed.

But I am getting 2mbps download speed and about 18 mbps upload speeds on my desktop pc.The verizon guy came here and said the router configuration was correct and so was the ethernet cable.He plugged the cable to his laptop and was getting download speeds of about 30mbps so something is wrong with my computer only but I cant figure what.

I removed mcafee as I read it could be a problem.Now I have microsoft security suite but it did not help.I have removed Ipv6 too but that has not helped either.

Thanks appreciate your help.

PS: OS is windows vista

Answer:High Upload speeds but low download speeds

are you sure you haven't got your upload and download speeds backwards? your uploads should be low and downloads high.

if you switched those it would be correct looking.

try this speed tester.

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Ordinarily the download speeds are approximately five times faster than the upload. I have a backup computer which is an Acer netbook that has the reverse situation. My speeds when tested were 1.25 mbs for download, and 5.6 mbs for upload.

Does anyone have any idea as to what's going on her?

Answer:Why are my download speeds 5 X slower than my upload speeds?

How did you test the speed? What OS is the backup computer using?

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Hello, I have a brand new HP Probook 430 G3 which is working and performing just great, the only problem is its strange cooling fan sound. The problem is that it speeds up and speeds down constantly without any visible reason. (Please note that its not a normal behavior when coolers change speed based on higher cpu temperature). The interval between speeding up and down is less that a second and it is constant. So just imagine when cooler runs on higher speed it's not smooth as supposed to be but kind of waving/floating.  I'm not sure with speeds laptos fans run, but if visualize the problem it will look something as illustrated below    Steps taken: Updated the BIOS to the latest version - didn't help. Turnet the "Fan Always on while AC Power" - sounds same. Can anybody suggest anything to diagnose the fan issue? Mayble there are some fan diagnostincs tools available or something else what can help.  Thanks in advance for any suggestions.  

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Alright, this is probably one of those "it is what it is" things, but I'm not sure why. I have a WRT610N and am operating on the lower 2.4ghz bandwidth. For some reason I am able to achieve MUCH higher download speeds via programs like Steam than I am transfer speeds between computers. I have a desktop hardlined to the router that acts as my file and media hub, so no problem there. The problem is when I go wireless. On this laptop I can achieve regular download speeds between 500kb/s and 1mb/s, yet when I transfer files from the hardlined computer I can only achieve max transfer speeds of about 270kb/s and it just will not go any faster? What's going on here? Why is it that downloading a file from the internet is/can be so much faster than my wireless transfer speeds?

I can provide additional info if it'd help identify the problem. Thanks.

Answer:Faster download speeds than transfer speeds?

What Operating Systems are you running?

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After 4 years with this computer, I finally made timing adjustments to my DRAM per various websites comments relating to the PC2100 RAM. My question is, if any one of the timings is too low or too high, what is the worst case scenario that I can experience with the operation of my computer? As of this writing, it has been 2 hours since the adjustments and nothing so far. I am not a gamer so how can I test if there has been any improvement to my system by making these changes? Thanks.

Answer:DRAM Memory timings

You can corrupt data irretrievably by running outside the ram's ability. I always set mem settings with memtest86. You can dl if you don't have it, and boot from memtest and it will show you a memory bandwidth score, as well as check for errors.
What I do is nudge the settings, note the error-free mem score via a complete pass, and see if tightening up the timings causes a better score or any errors. You might find the memory score tapers off with reduced timing or increased fsb before you get errors, so be aware of that. What you want is best score with no errors. I try for 6/2/2/2 in most every case. I leave it run overnight to vett any system destined for use as a server, but one error free pass through memtest is enough for me on other systems such as game boxes.

You can also dl ultimatebootcd and make a bootable cd, it has memtest included. It's my single fav utility for diagnostics, having many memory and drive utes and so on.

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Help me please! My computer will no turn on - it beeps once continuosly. This indicates it is a DRAM refresh failure. Eck! :-?How do I go about fixing this and getting my computer back!All  suggestions welcome!Thanks!Mary

Answer:Dram refresh failure

What happened prior to all of this? Are you th eonly one using the machine? Any monkeying inside the case or excursions into the BIOS?

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PLEASEE HELP!! Everytime I restart my computer it says in the start up menu:Dram timing to tightly so reload timing...Then I have to press any key to continue or press DEL. Im a compu-dummy, so please help me step by step. I have a Proline Pentium 4, 3.2 ghz prosesser and its 512MB. Im SLOWLY being drivin INSANE by this and I have no clue at to solve this EVIL.

Answer:Dram timing to tightly...

" its 512MB."Do you know what type and speed of ram. It could be the cas latencey of the ram is set to high. You couldset it to the slowest CL. which should be 3.0set the bios to safe defaultstest the ram for problems.

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Not sure about how to upgrade it. It says RIMM and have 2 things inserted already. I got some DRAM but its a single module, not sure if it will work if i put it in and I dont want to break it.

Answer:Can you put a DRAM into a RIMM socket

NO, completly different memory types, do not attempt to put DRAMs in a RIMM/RDRAM motherboard,

Plus if you did have a RIMM memory module, you would need another one for the motherboard to boot as RIMMs or RDRAM need to inserted in matched pairs.

How many free slots do you have in your Mobo as you already have 2 RIMMs installed, if you have another 2 free slots they will at present be taken up with 2 CRIMMs, Continuity RIMMs, these are used to fill the empty slots up as a RDRAM motherboard needs all the slots filled to work. Once you get a similar matched pair of RIMMs you pull the CRIMMs out and insert the RIMMs.

Use Everest to check on your motherboards specs and memory type... the readout info from Everest should actually give you a fairly detailed listing of the Ram in your PC.

to know how many slots you have Click > Motherboard > Motherboard and under Motherboard Physical info it will list DRAM ( dunno why but it reports RIMM slots as DRAM ) slots 2 or 4.

then click SPD as this will tell you which type RDRAM you need it maybe PC600 PC800 or PC1066 and which model types eg. Samsung MR16R 0828BN1-CK8 < only an example and not the type you may need.

Do note that RDRAM is still very expensive compaired to DDR Ram and you will have to buy two ram sticks of a matched pair.

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I wish to install more RAM onto my laptop. All I know is that it is DRAM 224MB and I have 2 slots empty. How do I find out exactly what chip I need and is it easy to install in a laptop like it is for a PC.Thanks in advance


The actual upgrading is easy and so is finding the right RAM. Go to Crucial click here and use their RAM finder to find the right stuff.It's unlikely to be 224mb though - RAM comes in multiples of 64. i.e. 64, 128, 256, 512 and then 1gb.To install the RAM open the flap at the bottom of the lapton and insert the memory card at an angle and then snap it down into place. The memory will come with illustrated pix anyway.

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How is it that overclocking dram voltage can fry a cpu? Ive got a i7 920 and a asus p6tv2 with buffalo firestix 1600, Im downclocking it to 1066 at 1.64v to gert it to run stable. "Would I benifit from 1600? and is it risky to do the 2.1v?

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Dell Inspiron 8100 running xp home edition sp1 and its very slow. Ran pc pitstop and red flag on memrory and system it says memory unusually slow memory speed rating 676MB/s 24% of 263 similar and it say 256+256;DIMM,DRAM, Synchronous;T16 can this be the problem? I defraged spybot and adaware everything looks clean its

processor is 743MIPS significantly lower than similar systems with the same processor running at the same clock ratewhich perform at 3309MIPS on average

P3 1133mhz
512 MB Ram

Answer:256+256:DIMM,DRAM, Synchronous;t16

onely said:

Dell Inspiron 8100 running xp home edition sp1 and its very slow. Ran pc pitstop and red flag on memrory and system it says memory unusually slow memory speed rating 676MB/s 24% of 263 similar and it say 256+256;DIMM,DRAM, Synchronous;T16 can this be the problem? I defraged spybot and adaware everything looks clean its

processor is 743MIPS significantly lower than similar systems with the same processor running at the same clock ratewhich perform at 3309MIPS on average

P3 1133mhz
512 MB RamClick to expand...

Is that a laptop? Is it running on battery power? They throttle the performance down when on battery to reduce power usage.

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I had this problem a few months ago and its back again. Help! Each time I attempted to open my PC(LAPTOP) and log on the internet you will heard the sound of clocking drum...then when I go to surf the web...........the equal sign will type in by itself a few times until it covers the whole area. I will press delete but will continue to do so.

Sometimes it will go away then appear after a minute or two. I felt like the PC is being possessed. When i tried to typed in on my emails it will type itself all these equal signs like this =============================
and I noticed the equal sign key is not working at all. PLEASE HELLLP? It is annoying so I just used the PC at work to get a properly typed emails to friends..........

Answer:Dram Clocking Windows Xp

Faulty (sticky) key, perhaps??

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Hi,Have an amd k71100, with 240mb pc133sdram. In the bios, cpu pnp page, the bottom DRAM setting is at 100, shouldnt this be 133, the other setting? Regards,James

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Hello I have y560 (i5 430, 4gb(Elpida 1333mhz), hd5730) Lately I was curious and I checked my laptop performance. I run game and in backgrond CPU-Z/Everest. CPU OCed to 2527MHz ati also jumped with clocks all fine. Then I swith to Memory bookmark. Here problem starts. Laptop FSBRAM is 4:16 and ram works max with DRAM532MHz (1066) should with 667MHz (1333). So I checked ram labels and it is PC3-10600. I ran everest to check. Also shows it is 1333 ram. When I play any game/do anything ram never increase to 667mhz. Always stays at 532MHz (1066). Obvious is that I want it works with 1333MHz not with 1066. Why max ram speed reaches 1066 not 1333 ? How I can change this? Also when I change power modes HighPerf/Balanced/PowerSavr only cpu multiplers change, FSB always stays the same 133mhz(never oc)

Answer:dram frequency prob.

Hello mate, Are both of your RAM modules the same ?As the computer support dual channel if there is one module slower it will slow the other one.

__________________________________________________________________________________Knowledge is of two kinds. We know a subject ourselves, or we know where we can find information on it.ThinkPad T510 4313-CTO Windows 8 x64 - Intel Core i7-620M - NVIDIA NVS 3100M - 8GB RAM - 240GB SSD- Intel Centrino Ultimate-N 6300 - Gobi 2000.ThinkPad Helix 3697-CTO Windows 8.1 x64 - Intel Core i7-3667U - Intel HD Graphics 4000 - 8GB RAM- 256GB SSD - Intel Centrino Advanced-N 6205 - Ericsson C5621gw

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hi, i got amptron via p6 M925LR, cpu type pentium 4, with 1.7GHz, chipset via vt8751(p4m266) northbridge, vt8233 southbridge chipset, socket 478. FSB speeds up to 400 MHz.The mainboard accommodates 2DDR 184 Pin 2.5v + 2SDR 168 Pin 3.3v, unbuffered memory modules. I can install at least one memory module in order to work out this mainboard, either SDRAM or DDR SDRAM but can't use them simultaneously. If i want to use DDR, then I have to short the jumpers which are J2A/B/C/D, J3A/B/C/D PINS on motherboard.They are total 8 Jumpers with 10 pins in each jumpers. I have a problem in finding cups to short those jumpers.:
Is there any one who could help me, tell me how to short those jumpers safe way. thanks

Answer:shorting dram jumpers

The shorting bars came with the MB, where did you get the MB?

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Can somebody please tell me the difference between sdram and dram memory. I need more memory for my computer. Many thanks.

Answer:difference between sdram and dram

click here and scan the computer and it will tell you the type of ram you have

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How would you describe DRAM in a few sentences. I know what its is but i cant explain it short. ITs for an assignment and I'm sure if im up there for 4+min explaining, students will just doze off and not even pay attention. Plz Help!

Answer:Describe DRAM in few words!,290660,sid5_gci213914,00.html

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Answer:Cpu/dram Clock Ratio

1, Welcome to TS
2, PLEASE lose the caps!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! your nux to come to a board and just start posting in caps

I dont really know about hte clock ratio thing, but 166 as the bus doesnt sound right if you have a 266MHz [bus] AthlonXP. It should be 133.. however if I were you I'd just set it to auto-config in your bios.

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OK i bought everything new beside CPU.. and when i turn on the computer i GET tHE DRAM LED. and it keeps blinking.. and when i push the MEMOK for 3 sec it stops blinking and stays red then when i let go it continues blinking why is this happening?

Answer:DRAM LED computer won't boot

So what are the full specs of this computer?

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Alright, basically i just bought two Gigs of DDR 400 (pc3200) ram in the form of 4x 512 mb synchs. They are replacing 1 gig (2x512) of pc 2700 ram. after installing them i ran CPU-Z to figure out my timings and stuff too see if i wanted to try to overclock or anything. I noticed my FSBRAM ratio showed 2:3 rather than 1:1. Ive heard that running asyncrounous FSB to ram ratios can create a performance bottleneck, but ive also heard that on SIS p4 chipsets the async modes are configured to work correctly and not rob performance. The questions im posing here is whether or not i should aim to regain a FSBRAM ratio of 1:1, or whether i should allow it to remain at 2:3. And will a 2:3 ratio rob me of performance. Please help,lol

I have a ASUS P4S800D-X mainboard with an SIS chipset, and a p4 that has an rated fsb of 533 (after being quadpumped)

Answer:FSB to DRAM Ratio Problems

and i dont know why the gay smileys are in that post

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I am using XP( for the moment ) and i change my dram frequency from 667 to 800 in the bios, everything is working just fine, even tho i notice a speed up going back to the desktop. I was curious, should i change back or keep it?

Answer:Question about DRAM frequency

Which RAM do you have in there? Click on the SPD tab and you'll see the specs for the memory. Mine is currently running at 850Mhz (425x2) and has been for 3 years.

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I own a 3 yr old HP Pavilion dv4000 running windows XP, before it only had 512 MB of ram so I decided to upgrade it to 2 GB of ram, in an attempt to make my computer a bit faster. Recently I've been looking into overclocking since I don't see myself having this computer for much longer, and just wanted to get the most out of it that I still can. I read about FSBRAM ratio, and it being the best when it's 1:1, and I ran a CPU-Z test and found that mine is 3:5. I was gonna try to change it to the optimal ratio. Since my computer is an HP it's not exactly conducive to overclocking with the bios, at least I wasn't sure how, so I used ClockGen instead for the task. The PLL Control listed below is what it was originally before I overcloked with ClockGen.

Here's some screenshots from CPUZ and ClockGen. Any help would be appreciated. And if you need anymore information, I'd be glad to provide it. Thanks!


Answer:Bad FSB:DRAM Ratio, Need Help Fixing

Another thing, I just ran the CPUID Hardware Monitor and realized the ACPI Temperature for THR0 is ranging from 77-86 C.....isn't that way above what it's suppose to be?

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I have overclocked my system, although I'm not sure if the RAM settings are ideal.

E7400 C2D @ 3.35Ghz

10.5 multiplier.

320 bus speed
1277 rated FSB

RAM Is 2GB of 1066MHz/PC2-8500 DDR2 in single-channel mode

RAM frequency is 400 ( x2 = 800 )
RAM timings are 5-4-4-17
RAM ratio to FSB is 4:5.... I've always been told that 1:1 is ideal.
so would it be worth me aiming for that 1:1, at the moment the ram frequency is higher than the FSB. so I would have to slow the RAM down to get the 1:1 ratio, would that impact performance?,

no way I can get the FSB to 400 is there? so the ram has to come down.
is it worth it, am I a dunce for doing it this way, am I missing some golden piece of wisdom here?

Answer:1:1 FSB:DRAM ratio ideal?

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Argh - More Bluescreen Drama

Hey guys,

I see alot of you are having some problems with the dreaded BSOD too.

Ive read the stickys and memtested my ram/gone through the troubleshooting but unfortouantely it hasn't helped.

Basically whats happened is my system was running fine for about a week (only put it together then) and then all of a sudden in the last day or 2 ive been getting BSOD's more and more frequently to the point where its happening within 30 mins of booting up. They vary in the error given some are page_fault_in_non_paged_area others are irq_less_than_equal and its really starting to frustrate me. Initially I thought ok, bad ram, thats usually what causes blue screens in my experience so I went and replaced my ram (recently bought) with a brand new stick and still the same deal.

Im not too sure how to read the dump files so I was hoping someone here could help but ive given it a shot and from what I can gather errors seem to come up in ntoskrnl.exe (which is like the windows kernel yeah!?) and easdrv.sys - at least thats what the dump files tell me but then again I really dont know much about this. Other then that Im pretty computery savy and have been able to fix most problems like this before (usually with a format, reinstall or even replacing hardware components) but ive done all those things in this case and I just cant figure out wtf is going on!

The only thing I can think of is I recently bought a nvidia 9600GT and put that in but I really ... Read more

Answer:Argh - More Bluescreen Dram

Three minidumps were error 0x050: PAGE_FAULT_IN_NONPAGED_AREA

Requested data was not in memory. An invalid system memory address was referenced. Defective memory (including main memory, L2 RAM cache, video RAM) or incompatible software (including remote control and antivirus software) might cause this Stop message, as may other hardware problems (e.g., incorrect SCSI termination or a flawed PCI card).

* The same core Windows driver was cited which is too general to help but does point to potential hardware issues.

The fourth minidump is 0xD1 and these are almost always caused by faulty drivers or buggy software. In your case easdrv.sys was cited and this is an Eset anti-stealth driver.

1. How long did you run MemTest? A minimum of 7-10 passes?

2. Have you scanned for possible infections?

* I also suggest going over to Eset's official forums at and poist there of your issue along with your 0xD1 crash and the driver cited. You can get good solid and reliable help there.

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Hi, i just bought a new PC with the following components:

Motherboard - Asus P7P55D
CPU - Intel Core i5 750 2.66
RAM - A-DATA DDR3 1600X 2x2GB Memory Kit

My question is about the memory, Everest shows a dram:fsb ratio of 5:1 and that the memory is running at 667 MHz. Is this ratio supposed to be normal? I though a ratio of close to 1:1 is usually desired. Also the Front Side Bus clock speed is 133 MHz. Here's the report from Everest:

Motherboard Name Asus P7P55D

Front Side Bus Properties:
Bus Type Intel QPI
Real Clock 132 MHz
Effective Clock 132 MHz
QPI Clock 2393 MHz

Memory Bus Properties:
Bus Type Dual DDR3 SDRAM
Bus Width 128-bit
DRAM:FSB Ratio 5:1
Real Clock 660 MHz (DDR)
Effective Clock 1319 MHz
Bandwidth 21107 MB/s

Motherboard Physical Info:
CPU Sockets/Slots 1 LGA1156
Expansion Slots 3 PCI, 2 PCI-E x1, 2 PCI-E x16
... Read more

Answer:DRAM:FSB ratio question

The 1:1 ratio was desired in the times of the Conroe.

However, I am equally interested in this question for the Nehalem family.

I don't think it is possible to get 1:1 with this chip.

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Well guys I was going through my mainboard manual and I found out this interesting page about the bios. I usually don't mess around with the bios cause I am scared of it. But I just have a few simple questions that I hope one of you have the answers to..

Ok first, for CPU type I got a Intel P4 but I got a Celeron Running on it.
Then it has CPU/DRAM Speed at 100/100 Mhz. Now I could change the CPU/DRAM option to the following speeds 133Mhz and 166Mhz. Now I was wondering is it safe to boost it up to at least 133mhz or should I live those settings alone....?????

thanks in advance.....

Answer:CPU/DRAM option on mainboard

i'd leave it alone.
sometimes when i change to 133 i get no video.
and, you cannot ever hurt the bios.
its an eprom device with permanent memory that does need the onboard battery to operate tho.

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I changed my dram speed and lost all video. How can I get back to where I was? I thought I blew my video card so i changed it and still have the same problem. no video screen at boot.

Answer:DRAM speed, video now gone?

You could try resetting the CMOS back to default levels by removing the CMOS battery for a few minutes. Of course, you should shut down the PC and unplug it while you do so.

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So, here's the deal: before the release of the RTM for Windows 7, I've been running the RC (64 bit), and as far as I could tell, my ram was working just fine, but then I got my hands on the RTM and couldn't wait to install it. Now, I know it was maybe not the best idea, but I did an upgrade instead of a clean install. My ram, though cheap, was made to run at 800MHz, and at the moment, it is running at around 371.4MHz. Now, I have not been monitoring my ram lately, I just happened to stumble upon this problem when I downloaded a new program for computer specs. I opened up CPU-Z and Nvidia system info. They both confirmed that it is indeed running that low. I was just wondering what could cause this in Windows? I'm at the point where I am just going to do a clean install and see what happens (the problem could even be from upgrading drivers too much to fix another issue I had when I first installed the RTM.) Just give me your best opinions, though at this point, I'm thinking clean install. Also, here's my specs -

Windows 7 Ultimate 64 bit
ASUS M3N72-D Nvidia nForce 740a SLI
XFX Nvidia GeForce 9800 GTX+ 512 MB
AMD Socket AM2/AM2+ Athlon 64 X2 5000+ 2.60 GHz
4 GB Corsair Value DDR2 800 MHz

Answer:DRAM Frequency Issue

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 Need to know chip specs to upgrade memory.  I have 4 slots with on 4G in one slot.

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Main question: What is the difference with RAM chip layouts?

I was looking at some Crucial DDR4 and comparing it to a Kingston DDR4 and I think I noticed that the Kingston had 8 large chips, while the Crucial had 4 larger chips (I can't be sure because the sticker covers them).

I can't seem to find an answer on google. I want to know if this is just an aesthetic thing, or whether it could actually make a difference.

All I know is that Kingston is manufactured in Taiwan and Crucial is Micron.

p.s I think Crucial is faster than the Kingston module, but I have no clue (I bought the Crucial, where the Kingston was the compatible one)

p.p.s There's more to this. I bought what may turn out to be the incorrect part for my laptop. So on a side note; are these two chips essentially the same/would they both work in the same laptop?

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Answer:Av-test endurance test 2015

Cheers, good to see these detailed results.No great surprises though.

Regards Eck

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A week or so ago my number nine and zero keys on my laptop [i.e. those keys which also provide the brackets] have failed to work - although occasionally will work [very rarely]. This issue is present when attempting to type into the password area to log onto Windows [Vista] with a User Account.

Whilst a number of programs are started [my tray icons], ZoneAlarm firewall tells me that there is a programme wanting access to the Internet. The name of this varies, but is always a random string of letters. I always deny it access.

Upon examining MSConfig I see that DRam Prosessor is present [Manufacturer = unknown; Command = "crldqgjp.exe"]. Disabling it from startup does nothing - it's reactivated.

The following is the DSS file:
DDS (Ver_09-03-16.01) - NTFSx86
Run by Chris at 1:18:08.33 on 25/04/2009
Internet Explorer: 7.0.6001.18000
Microsoft? Windows Vista? Home Premium 6.0.6001.1.1252.44.1033.18.2045.861 [GMT 1:00]

AV: ZoneAlarm Security Suite Antivirus *On-access scanning disabled* (Updated)
FW: ZoneAlarm Firewall *enabled*

============== Running Processes ===============

C:\Windows\system32\svchost.exe -k DcomLaunch
C:\Windows\system32\svchost.exe -k rpcss
C:\Windows\System32\svchost.exe -k secsvcs
C:\Windows\System32\svchost.exe -k LocalServiceNetworkRestricted
C:\Windows\System32\... Read more

Answer:Infected with DRam Prosessor [startup]


avast! Free Home Edition Antivirus found the malware "crldqgjp.exe" [malware name: Win32:VB-LMJ] on my machine today. It's a dropper. Avast suggested I do a reboot and allow a scan from the BIOS. Upon doing so, five different .exe files were identified as droppers in the Windows folder. For some reason I couldn't move them to a virus chest, so I deleted them. I don't believe any of them was the above malware, but they all had similar random-string names.

The fifth malware found wouldn't delete [it said it couldn't find the file], and I wasn't able to ignore it and continue the scan without pressin with Nine or Zero - the two keys that don't work on my laptop.

The problem still exists

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basicly my problem regards cpu:dram which i understand should
infact be 1:1 ...

im using the motherboard in the topic title , with it is an athlon64
3400+ (newcastle) 754 procsessor running @ 2.4 ghz stock , htt
200mhz X 12 multiplier . along with it is my new single sidded ddr
dimms, pc3200 crucial value ram CL3.0-3-3-8 @ 200mhz ddr...

the problem is that , now i installed newer ram which corresponds
with the system im using , the cpu/dram ratio is only 1:12 or cpu/12 ....
i replaced some pc2700 whcih gave a ratio of 1:16 ...

thanks for any help you can provide , and your time spent on the
problem ... [email protected] Daniel

Answer:k8m-ilsr msi-6741 and cpu:dram ratio

2400mhz / 12 = 200mhz, which is what your Ram should be running at. What seems to be the problem ?

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My laptop manual says that the SiS630ST shares system memory up to 64MB but my hardware reports say it uses 16MB. How can I tell if it is using 64MB which I assume would give me better grahics (please correct me if I'm wrong)? Do I have to change any settings to get 64MB and would this be better in any way than 16MB? I am about to upgrade my memory from 256 to 512 so I would like to take advantage of the extra oomph if there is any point.Thanks and regards.

Answer:SiS 630ST Video DRAM question

The setting will be in your BIOS - but it depends on the motherboard design if the motherboard mfr has allowed for this (sounds like they have, if the manula syays so!)

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My computer keeps failing post. I cheched the beep codes and I believe it is the 'DRAM or M/B' error. It has given the beeps that signal this error before but they were non-fatal. Now the beeps are different but apparently its the same error.
So what does the error mean? I've tried removing the video card and ram but it didn't help. Is this something wrong with the motherboard? Am I going to have to replace it?
Unfortunately I have an exam in 2 days and could really use the computer.

Answer:Computer fails post, 'DRAM or M/B'...?

you've tried removing the video card and ram ? removing the ram wont tell you if it's the ram or not because it wont boot without it.

try testing with other ram if you can get your hands on any...

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hmmm, are getting so ridiculously crazy really quickly. Next 5 years in graphics will just be amazing.

Answer:Micro-Threading for DRAM - 4x boost in 3d

That is rather crazy. The last 5 years in graphics have been pretty unbelievable. But the next five years, absolutely ridiculous.

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Hi guys. I recently bought new laptop (yoga 910) and don't properly understand its RAM specs. All oficial docs said that laptop have 16 Gb ddr4 2133 MHz, but tests (Speccy and CPU-z) shows that RAM have only 664MHz for one channel (16.0GB Dual-Channel Unknown @ 664MHz (10-10-10-28)). I heard that using XMP settings in BIOS I can change memory speed, but I can't find it. So, the questions are: does Lenovo downgraded RAM in all laptops and other users have the same specs, if yes, then how to change it (1200 MHz is less then DDR3 speed), else, what should I do next, is it something wrong with my laptop? 

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I'm planning to upgrade my PC to a better one.
I currently planning to buy this motherboard

many says i5-2500k is almost the same as the i7-2600k. except for the HT and extra
4 cores.

is it worth it the $100 for the i7?

and.. is the DRAM 2200MHz compatible with i5 and i7?.

My usage is these:
some video encoding
PS2 Emulation
extreme gaming. hehehe
and.. is that board good for overclocking both CPUs?
and, when is the best time to buy? (like tentative price drop).


Answer:i5-2500k vs i7-2600k and DRAM compatibility

Basically they are both the same. Both have 4 cores, the i7-2600K is clocked 100mhz faster and has hyperthreading that the 2500K does not. Ram compatability is the same, it is the board that is the determining factor. As far as the motherboard, you will have to read the reviews to decide for yourself, a good place is Newegg.

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My computer appears to be under a spyware's attack. Upon startup, mcafee reports a c.bat file of the ZapChast.reg trojan type. I tried various suggestions to get rid of the ZapChast.reg trojan, but none worked.
I ran an analysis of my system, and found a bit which may or may not be connected with my ZapChast.reg problem. When I check my startup, I find the an item labelled as DRAM Processor and represented by the msconfig.exe file. I tried to locate this file on my system, and failed to find it. Still, when I runit from the Run window, it shows the familiar output.

I also tried SpyHunter 3. There was two things it detected.
Item Name ------- Object Name-------Type
DRam Processor-------Backdoor.Rbot-------Registry Value
DRam Processor-------Backdoor.Rbot-------Registry Value

HKLM\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\CurrentVersion\Run\DRam Processor

HKLM\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\CurrentVersion\RunServices\DRam Processor

I tried to remove both with Spyhunter 3, but they appeared again after my computer restarted from the clean up.

It appears that any effort to delete these values, failed. The system keeps recreating them.

Can anyone offer a solution?

Here is my hijack this log:

Logfile of HijackThis v1.99.1
Scan saved at 4:38:38 PM, on 4/21/2008
Platform: Windows XP SP2 (WinNT 5.01.2600)
MSIE: Internet Explorer v7.00 (7.00.6000.16640)

Running processes:
C:\WINDOWS\system32\winlo... Read more

Answer:Help! Trojan msconfig.exe, DRam Processor

Welcome to TSF....

The HJT log file you posted is from an older vewrsion of HijackThis, please remove it from the computer along with the log files and go thru the following steps:

To get Expert Help with malware removal:

Please read this sticky: If you think your computer is infected

If you cannot complete any of the 5 steps for whatever reason, just continue on with the next one until they are all completed, and post your logs in The HJT Help Forum; where an Analyst will assist you. However, it is very important to make mention of any of the steps that you were not able to complete.

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I have purchased a 2Gb kit on Ebay( 2 x 1GB DIMMs). When both DIMMs installed system beeps on power on probably indicating RAM failure. With 1 x 1GB in slot 1 system boots ok. With same 1 x 1GB in slot 2 system boots ok. With the other 1 x 1GB the system will boot up ok in slot 1 or slot 2.
When both 1 x 1GB DIMMs are installed in slots 1 and 2 the system fails to boot.
On the Gigabyte GA-K8VM800M MoBo I have, there are only 2 memory slots.
It is Award Software BIOS & I cant find any reference to dual channel vs single channel memory anywhere in the bios pages.
As both slots 1 & 2 will work independently the fault is not the MoBo. Both new 1 x 1GB DIMMs will work independently in either slot 1 or slot 2 so the DIMMs are proving ok.
Somehow I need to switch to dual channel memory instead of single channel.
Any Ideas folks?

Answer:Power on failure when both DRAM slots used


Type: DDR400/ 333/ 266 / 200MHz
Max capacity: Up to 2GB by 2 DIMM slots

1 short: System boots successfully
2 short: CMOS setting error
1 long 1 short: DRAM or M/B error
1 long 2 short: Monitor or display card error
1 long 3 short: Keyboard error
1 long 9 short: BIOS ROM error
Continuous long beeps: DRAM error
Continuous short beeps: Power error

Nothing about Dual Ram reported on that board

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Good day to all,

I've recently noticed that when I right-click on My Computer under Installed memory (RAM): 24.0GB (16.0GB usable). Obviously this sucks and I went through a few forum post in an effort to fix this but here's some info first

Motherboard: Gigabyte X58A-UD7 (rev 1.0)
3 x 4GB Corsair Dominator GT PC3 16000 2000MHz (as can be seen on this link CORSAIR DOMINATOR GT 8GB (2 x 4GB) 240-Pin DDR3 SDRAM DDR3 2000 (PC3 16000) Desktop Memory with Airflow Fan Model CMT8GX3M2A2000C9 -
3 x 4GB Crucial PC3 10600 1333MHz

No matter which setup I try to use I always get the following in my bios (which was recently updated)
Notice how although slots 6,5 show up as DIMM Slot they do not show up as enabled slots. I have tried several different configurations and before anyone points out to the 2 different RAM types being used, I tried mixing them up in slots 1 to 4 and no matter the configuration the computer always starts up with 16GB of RAM. I'm a little lost as to where to go next. In forums the steps I've read are

1. Update BIOS
2. Reseat all RAM
3. Check CPU for bent pins

Does anyone have any further suggestions? I'll update the post as suggestions come in for further users.


Answer:Detecting DRAM error on startup

Did you read all this info in the manual?

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Hello People!, I wonder if you could help me out please!

I wanted to upgrade my computer with some more RAM (3ghz Pentium which only had 512mb in it and running XP), system scanner said that I needed PC3200 400mhz DDR ram.(Maximum my computer will take is 2GB)
Well, just before I was going to purchase them, my friend said he had some ram going spare, so I brought the 2x 1gb PC3200 400mhz DDR Ram(states on the side of the ram's) from my friend the other day.
The problem is, If I insert just 1x 1GB, it works fine!, but if I try and insert 2x 1GB or 1x 1GB+1x512mb=1.5gb It wont work!
1x 1GB PC3200 DDR ram = Works Fine
2x 2GB PC3200 DDR ram = Computer will boot up but monitor stays on standby
1x 1GB PC3200 DDR ram + 512mb PC3200 DDR ram = Computer will boot up but monitor stays on standby

So, I ventured into my bios at the CPU : DRAM Frequency Ratio, after some changes with settings, turning pc off and inserting ram then powering up I found that some settings work and some don't

1:1 (200mhz) = Computer will boot but monitor stays on standby (This was the default setting by the way)
6:5 (167mhz) = THIS WORKS! computer seems ok
3:2 (133mhz) = THIS WORKS TOO! computer seems ok
2:1 (100mhz) = Computer will boot but monitor stays on standby
SPD (200mhz) = Computer will boot but monitor stays on standby

At the moment I am running at 167mhz(6:5), and it does seem ok, will this "break" my computer in anyway, or should I just get some memory from crucia... Read more

Answer:DDR Ram Problem and DRAM Frequency Ratio.

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Hi, I realize this is a stupid question, but I guess that will make it easy to answer. I'm looking at a lite on cdrw/dvd rom drive. The specs say it requires 64 megs dram. I have 319 megs of sdram. Will the drive work for me? I don't want to order it to only have to send it back. (I want the dvd rom so the kids can play the included games on dvd movies)

Answer:dram vs sdram, silly question

Yes, it should work fine. Welcome to the site, by the way.

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I have a Inspiron 6000 Notebook from Dell. The system seems to be spec'd for 200-pin PC2-3200S-333 DRAM. Can I remove the RAM module and input 200-pin PC2-4200S-444 SDRAM instead? I mean, would there be voltage issues? Can I mix-and-match DRAM with SDRAM?

Thanks in advance!

Answer:Can you put SDRAM into a computer spec'd only for DRAM?

go here and they will tell you what memory your computer will run

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I just upgraded my system with a new Gigabyte K8NS Ultra-939 motherboard and a AMD Athlon 64 3000+. I have two DDR-2100 256mb sticks (planning on upgrading sooner or later). I placed them in slot 1 and 3 at first (read the manual wrong about running dual channel DDR). Just gave me the "Memory not optimized" at start-up. Well I installed windows and got the computer up and running. Turned it off and switched the ram stick in slot 3 to 2. Started the computer and got the nice "DDR dual channel enabled". Neat. Well, right before I got to the Windows loading screen the computer starts a long, continuous beep. It lasts for about 5 minutes then turns off for 2-3 minutes, then does it again (keeps repeating). I look up the beeping code in my book and it says 'DRAM Error'. I did a little bit of research on the internet and supposedly that error means the DRAM is not installed correctly. It is installed correctly though. hehe

I checked dxdiag and it is showing 512 ram. Everything runs fine but I just have that long beep which is extremely annoying.

Any ideas?


Answer:DRAM Error (continuous beep)

I'm confused, does the beep occur while the system is otherwsie operating normally and recognizing the full size of RAM? Or does this happen during POST?

Most dual-channel motherboards have more than one way to activate dual channel, you might be able to try more than one combination to get it working.

For DDR to work in dual channel they need to be matching pairs of sticks - same brand, model number, speed, and timings. Much like running dual processors. Sometimes you can get two different brands working but not usually...even then, sometimes two generic sticks of RAM or certain brands just don't run in dual channel. It isn't an industry-wide tech by any stretch.

The only other thing that I could think the motherboard might be complaining about is the frequency or maybe the timing of the RAM. Both of those these can be adjusted through the BIOS.

Good luck and keep us posted!

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Dear lovely Lenovo Support-Community, I own a T540p, 20BFS0JJ06, BIOS GMET72WW (2.20 ). A single 8GB DRAM Module is installed. When I add a 2nd 8GB DRAM module and I try to power up the system again, the screen remains black and the system does not boot.  When I use the 2nd DRAM module only, the system boots up and works. The problems begin when I use both of them. From specifications the DRAM mdules should be the same. DRAM1: M471B1G73DB0-YK0DRAM2: M471B1G73QH0-YK0 Thank you. 

Answer:T540p - 16GB DRAM not detected

Do you give it enough time? When memory size/configuration changes, things are configured at the first boot. More sticks = more time. Put both sticks in, turn it on and go get a cup of coffee for 5 minutes.

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History of crashes:
I've been having a few crashing issues with my build the last several months. The last component I installed was my GPU in May-ish. I started having these crashes that were at first infrequent, but increased over time. Using the Windows "Reliability" I linked the issue with the EVGA software that I opted to use the OC Genie (I started to manually OC, realized the risk was too high, returned all settings to normal, then used OC Genie in the software). The "fix" was to uninstall the software, and to activate the OC genie via the BIOS. I had no problems linked to EVGA after that (about in August).

In the last 2 weeks, my computer would randomly restart (sometimes with the sad face " " blue screen, sometimes not), normally when I was playing some game or watching youtube videos. I wouldn't say my computer was under any high load or anything (usually I was playing indie games or watching videos in 1080p; there was one specific instance where I was using the NVidia program to record gameplay and it crashed about 10 minutes in), but after the restart came back on, it would work fine. The Windows Reliability only stated there were Windows crashes, but no other software services that were at fault.

Current event:
Yesterday, I was looking through some videos I captured and re-labeling them, and then it crashed again. To me it sounded like it restarted 2-3 times, then stayed on, but did not display anything on my screen. I lo... Read more

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